3 Biotech

, 9:21 | Cite as

Use of water hyacinth as a substrate for the production of filamentous fungal hydrolytic enzymes in solid-state fermentation

  • Ainhoa Arana-Cuenca
  • Xochitl Tovar-Jiménez
  • Ernesto Favela-Torres
  • Isabel Perraud-Gaime
  • Aldo E. González-Becerra
  • Alfredo Martínez
  • Cessna L. Moss-Acosta
  • Yuridia Mercado-Flores
  • Alejandro Téllez-JuradoEmail author
Original Article


The objective of the present work was to evaluate the water hyacinth (WH) as a substrate for the production of hydrolytic enzymes (cellulases and hemicellulases) of 100 strains of filamentous fungi under conditions of solid growth. Five fungal strains, identified as Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma atroviride, Penicillium griseofulvum, Penicillium commune and Aspergillus versicolor, were selected and studied for their ability to grow on water hyacinth as a substrate and carbon source only, evaluating hydrolytic enzymatic activities (α-l-arabinofuranosidase, cellulase, xylanase and β-d-xylopyranosidase) and extracellular protein per g of water hyacinth dry matter (gdm). The five strains selected were able to produce the four enzymes studied; however, T. harzianum strain PBCA produces the highest xylanase (149.3 ± 14.3 IU/gdm at 108 h), cellulase (16.4 ± 0.6 IU/gdm at 84 h) and β-d-xylopyranosidase (127.7 ± 14.8 IU/gdm at 48 h). In contrast, the fungus with the highest α-l-arabinofuranosidase activity was A. versicolor, with 129.8 ± 13.3 IU/gdm after 108 h. In conclusion, T. harzianum showed the best production of the hydrolytic enzymes studied, using as a matrix and carbon source, water hyacinth. In addition, catalytic activities of arabinofuranosidase and xylopyranosidase were reported for the first time in T. versicolor and T. harzianum.


α-l-Arabinofuranosidase Aspergillus Penicillium Trichoderma Water hyacinth Xylanase β-d-Xylopyranosidase 



This work was financially supported by the FONCICYT-C002-2008-1 ALA/127249 project. The support to collect water hyacinth by TEMA S.A. is acknowledged with thanks.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ainhoa Arana-Cuenca
    • 1
  • Xochitl Tovar-Jiménez
    • 1
  • Ernesto Favela-Torres
    • 2
  • Isabel Perraud-Gaime
    • 3
  • Aldo E. González-Becerra
    • 4
  • Alfredo Martínez
    • 5
  • Cessna L. Moss-Acosta
    • 5
  • Yuridia Mercado-Flores
    • 1
  • Alejandro Téllez-Jurado
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Universidad Politécnica de PachucaZempoalaMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de BiotecnologíaUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana-IztapalapaMéxico CityMexico
  3. 3.Institut Méditerranéen d’Ecologie et de Paléoécologie, UMR CNRS/IRD 193, IMEP Case 441FST Saint Jérôme, Université Paul CézanneMarselle Cedex 20France
  4. 4.Centro de Biología Molecular Severo OchoaConsejo Superior de Investigaciones BiológicasMadridSpain
  5. 5.Departamento de Ingeniería Celular y Biocatálisis. Instituto de BiotecnologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCuernavacaMexico

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