3 Biotech

, 9:4 | Cite as

Role of medicinal plants in the management of diabetes mellitus: a review

  • Bindu Jacob
  • Narendhirakannan R.T.Email author
Review Article


Medicinal plants have a vast potential in the treatment of various ailments due to the presence of therapeutically important phytochemicals. Diabetes is a serious metabolic disorder and several marketed medications are available to alleviate the symptoms of diabetes. However, these over the counter drugs are expensive and associated with several complications. Herbal medicines are gaining importance as they are cost-effective and also display improved therapeutic effects with lesser side effects. The present review includes the reports available on medicinal plants used for treating diabetes complications. The aim of the review is to categorize and summarize the available information on medicinal plants with anti-diabetic properties and suggesting outlooks for future research. A systematic search was performed on medicinal plants with anti-diabetic properties using several search engines such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct and other online journals and books. All the plants listed in this review are native to Asian countries and are routinely used by the traditional practitioners for the treatment of various ailments. Based on the literature data available, a total of 81 medicinal plants with anti-diabetic, anti-hyperglycemic, hypoglycemic, anti-lipidemic and insulin mimetic properties have been compiled in this review. This review provides useful information about the different medicinal plants for treating diabetes-associated complications. Further research can be carried out to study the active constituents and mechanism of these plants.


Diabetes Medicinal plants Antidiabetic Antihyperglycemic Hypoglycemic 



The authors are thankful to the University Grants Commission of India for providing Maulana Azad National Fellowship financial support to carry out this work as a part of Ph.D. thesis. We also express our gratitude to Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences for providing necessary facilities for the better compilation of this work. Funding was provided by Government of India via UGC’s Maulana Azad National Fellowship Scheme (F1-17.1/2015-16/MANF-2015-17-GUJ-69611).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, School of Agriculture and BiosciencesKarunya Institute of Technology and Sciences (Deemed to be University)CoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryKongunadu Arts and Science CollegeCoimbatoreIndia

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