Characterization of a new exopolysaccharide produced by Halorubrum sp. TBZ112 and evaluation of its anti-proliferative effect on gastric cancer cells
- 95 Downloads
In the present study, we aimed to extract, purify, analyze monosaccharide composition of exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by Halorubrum sp. TBZ112 (KCTC 4203 and IBRC-M 10773) and also to evaluate its possible antiproliferative activity against human gastric cancer (MKN-45) cell line and its biocompatibility effect on normal cells using human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cell line. Average molecular weight and monosaccharide composition were determined by high-pressure size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) with multi-angle laser light scattering (MALLS) and high-pressure anion exchange chromatography (HPAEC), respectively. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used for the partial characterization of the EPS. The EPS effect on the cell proliferation and viability of MKN-45 and HDF cells was assessed using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and trypan blue dye exclusion, respectively. Strain TBZ112 excreted 480 mg.l−1 of the EPS under optimal growth conditions. The EPS had a molecular weight of 5.052 kDa and was a heteropolysaccharide containing ten moieties mainly composed of mannose (19.95%), glucosamine (15.55%), galacturonic acid (15.43%), arabinose (12.24%), and glucuronic acid (12.05%). No significant difference of the EPS treatments on the proliferation activity of MKN-45 and HDF cells were observed (P > 0.05). For the first time, the EPS from Halorubrum sp. TBZ112, an extremely halophilic archaeon related to Halorubrum genus, was isolated and chemically characterized. The EPS from Halorubrum sp. TBZ112 possesses a relatively low molecular weight and might be applied as a biocompatible compound. More investigations are needed to determine other biological activities of the EPS along with further details of its chemical structure.
KeywordsExopolysaccharide (EPS) Halorubrum sp. TBZ112 Monosaccharide composition Antiproliferative effect
This research was performed as an MSc thesis (Number 13) at School of Paramedicene, Guilan University of Medical Sciences (Rasht, Iran). This work was financially supported by the Research Deputy of Guilan University of Medical Sciences (Rasht, Iran).
MH designed the research. RM, GP, CG, EP, and SF performed the research. M.H., RM, CD, KK, and FK wrote the paper. MH, CD, and KK performed analysis and interpretation of data. All authors discussed the results and participated in the manuscript revision.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Arena A, Gugliandolo C, Stassi G, Pavone B, Iannello D, Bisignano G, Maugeri TL (2009) An exopolysaccharide produced by Geobacillus thermodenitrificans strain B3-72: antiviral activity on immunocompetent cells. Immunol Lett 123:132–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imlet.2009.03.001 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Arias S, Del Moral A, Ferrer MR, Tallon R, Quesada E, Bejar V (2003) Mauran, an exopolysaccharide produced by the halophilic bacterium Halomonas maura, with a novel composition and interesting properties for biotechnology. Extremophiles 7:319–326. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00792-003-0325-8 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Bernardet A, Bowman J (2015) Bergey’s manual of systematics of archaea and bacteria. John Wiley & Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Bhaskar P, Bhosle NB (2005) Microbial extracellular polymeric substances in marine biogeochemical processes. Curr Sci 88:45–53Google Scholar
- Bowers KJ, Mesbah NM, Wiegel J (2009) Biodiversity of poly-extremophilic bacteria: does combining the extremes of high salt, alkaline pH and elevated temperature approach a physico-chemical boundary for life? Saline Syst 5:9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-1448-5-9 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Gatea F, Teodor ED, Seciu AM, Radu LE (2017) Monosaccharides composition and cytostatic activity of polysaccharide fraction of Phemeranthus Confertiflorus L. Farmacia 65:796–801Google Scholar
- Hamidi M, Nazemyieh H, Hejazi MA, Hejazi MS (2014) Optimization of cell growth and carotenoid production of Halorubrum sp. TBZ112 through statistical experimental methods. Iran J Public Health 43:242Google Scholar
- Pavia DL, Lampman GM, Kriz GS, Vyvyan JA (2008) Introduction to spectroscopy, 4 ed. Cengage Learning, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Staub A (1965) Removal of protein-Sevag method. In: Whistler RL (ed) Methods in carbohydrate chemistry, vol 5. Academic Press Inc., New York, pp 5–6Google Scholar
- Thibodeau A (2005) Protecting the skin from environmental stresses with an exopolysaccharide formulation. Cosmet Toilet 120:81–90Google Scholar