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Tremendously efficient Ag–ZnO–Zn(OH)2 nanosheets for nitrobenzene–aniline transformation via visible light irradiation

  • N. Y. Tashkandi
  • R. M. Mohamed
  • A. BaoumEmail author
Original Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

Preparation of ZnO (Z) and ZnO/Zn(OH)2 (Z/ZH) specimens was carried out practicing a hydrothermal method. Z/ZH specimens were furnished by distinctive mass% of silver (1.0, 3.0, and 5.0 mass%) utilizing photoassisted deposition regime and the attained decorated specimens were designated as (Ag1-Z/ZH, Ag3-Z/ZH, and Ag5-Z/ZH, respectively). Band-gap energy of Z makes it absorb in ultraviolet region whiles, Z/ZH and Ag-Z/ZH specimens possess band gaps that permit them to absorb in visible region. Modifying of Z/ZH specimens by Ag diminishes band-gap magnitude from 3.30 to 2.82 eV and, at the same time, reduces the speed by which electrons and holes may recombine. The photocatalytic actions of Z, Z/ZH, and Ag-Z/ZH were figured out beneath Vis light via nitrobenzene–aniline transformation. The complete and successful transformation could be achieved utilizing Ag3-Z/ZH photocatalyst with the charging of 1.2 g/l photocatalyst after 0.5 h from the beginning of the photocatalytic reaction. In addition, it was found that Ag3-Z/ZH photocatalyst could be reused five times conserving its stability.

Keywords

Z/ZH Silver decoration Improved photocatalysis Aniline preparation Visible light 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project was funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia under grant no. G: 109-247-40. The authors, therefore, acknowledge with thanks DSR for technical and financial support.

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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Advanced Materials DepartmentCentral Metallurgical R&D Institute, CMRDIHelwanEgypt

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