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Nano-templated films from waste optical discs for self-powered biosensor application and environmental surveillance

  • Numan GözübenliEmail author
Original Article
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Abstract

Static electricity is one of the most frequently seen incidents that occur between any two surfaces every day. The mechanism behind electrification is still being examined with debate. In this study, nanopatterned optical films detached from waste optical discs contributing surface functionality have been shown to be able to utilize in a sustainable way to harvest electrical signals from idle potential energies around us at optimum conditions. Nanopatterned optical disc electrodes based on the diffraction gratings formed by nano-grooves were templated with polycarbonate. Nano-grooves were obtained by templating top metal surface including diffracting grating structure detached from the optical disc. They are not used only as a power generator, but also might be used as self-powered active monitoring sensors. Platinum microelectrode to provide electrocatalytic transduction was used as anode (working electrode) for oxidization. This self-powered hybrid sensor has a low-cost, lithography-free approach to direct synthesis of flexible polymer nanotemplates. As an example of the prototype to surveillance applications for mobile and environmental health units, the development of monosaccharide glucose sensor using the simple and sustainable material has been shown. Glucose sensor was linear from 10 to 150 µM, with a detection limit (5 µM), the response time of 1.4 ± 0.2 s, and sensitivity of 68.2 ± 3.1 nA/µM cm2. We have also examined whether palm-size composite films can be designed as an electrode for self-powered systems to sense the change of temperature, environment surveillance, and electrical power signals. Electrical signal enhancement is improved if varying environmental conditions and further functionalization are applied on patterned optical films. Therefore, the triboelectric-based sensor can contribute to current biosensing processes in diagnostics, environmental monitoring, and bioengineering.

Keywords

Self-powered biosensor Static charges Nanotemplates Flexible optical films 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by grants from Harran University.

Author contribution

Numan Gozubenli conceived the concept. The manuscript was written through the contribution of one author. The author read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Molecular Biology and Genetics DepartmentHarran UniversitySanlıurfaTurkey

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