Advertisement

Research on rhenium–iridium alloy coating on microgroove molds in precision glass molding

  • Jiaqing Xie
  • Tianfeng ZhouEmail author
  • Zhanchen Zhu
  • Peng Gao
  • Jun Chen
  • Xibin Wang
  • Junfeng Xiang
Original Article
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

There is an increasing demand for microgrooves in optical systems with a pitch at wave length level. Precision glass molding (PGM) is one of the most efficient methods for fabricating microgrooves on glass surface. Nickel–phosphorus (Ni–P) exhibits excellent cutting properties and is developed as the mold material for glass microgrooves. However, the phosphorus in Ni–P mold tends to diffuse into the glass during the PGM process at high temperatures, which may reduce the optical performance of the molded glass microgroove component. In addition, the atomic diffusion increases the interface friction coefficient between the glass and the mold, resulting in the decrease of molding accuracy of the microgroove array. To solve these problems, a rhenium–iridium (Re–Ir) alloy coating is deposited on the surface of the Ni–P microgroove mold by ion sputtering. In this paper, the surface roughness of the mold before and after coating with Re–Ir alloy coating is investigated. The mechanical properties of Ni–P and the Re–Ir alloy coating are obtained using a combination of finite element method (FEM) and experimental tests. The mold deformation after heating to the molding temperature is analyzed. The results show that the mechanical properties of the Ni–P mold surface can be strengthened after being plated with Re–Ir alloy coating, the Re–Ir coating isolates the diffusion of phosphorus from the Ni–P mold, and improve the forming accuracy of glass microgrooves.

Keywords

Precision glass molding Glass microgrooves Nickel–phosphorus Rhenium–iridium alloy coating FEM simulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financed by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (No. 2015CB059900), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51775046), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2019M653761).

References

  1. Alaboodi A, Hussain Z (2017) Finite element modeling of nano-indentation technique to characterize thin film coatings. J King Saud Univ Eng Sci 31:61–69Google Scholar
  2. Bouzakis K, Michailidis N, Erkens G (2001) Thin hard coatings stress–strain curve determination through a fem supported evaluation of nanoindentation test results. Surf Coat Technol 142(1):102–109Google Scholar
  3. Hava S, Auslender M (2000) Design and analysis of low-reflection grating microstructures for a solar energy absorber. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 61(2):143–151Google Scholar
  4. Hu L, Dai S, Weng J, Xiao S, Wang K (2007) Microstructure design of nanoporous tio2 photoelectrodes for dye-sensitized solar cell modules. J Phys Chem B 111(2):358–362Google Scholar
  5. Ito T, Nakanishi K, Nishikawa M, Yokoyama Y, Takeuchi Y (1995) Regularity and narrowness of the intervals of the microgrooves on the rubbed polymer surfaces for liquid crystal alignment. Polym J 27(3):240–246Google Scholar
  6. Lee J, Park S, Yang S, Kim Y (2004) Fabrication of a v-groove on the optical fiber connector using a miniaturized machine tool. J Mater Process Technol 155(1):1716–1722Google Scholar
  7. Li C, Fang Y, Chu W, Cheng M (2012) Design of a prism light-guide plate for an LCD backlight module. J Soc Inf Disp 16(4):545–550Google Scholar
  8. Li P, Xie J, Cheng J, Jiang Y (2015) Study on weak-light photovoltaic characteristics of solar cell with a microgroove lens array on glass substrate. Opt Express 23(7):192–203Google Scholar
  9. Liu Y, Zhao W, Zhou T, Liu X, Wang X (2016) Microgroove machining on crystalline nickel phosphide plating by single-point diamond cutting. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 91(1–4):1–8Google Scholar
  10. Liu X, Zhou T, Pang S, Xie J, Wang X (2017) Burr formation mechanism of ultraprecision cutting for microgrooves on nickel phosphide in consideration of the diamond tool edge radius. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 94(12):1–7Google Scholar
  11. Ma Y, Zhang Y, Yu H, Zhang X, Shu X, Tang B (2013) Plastic characterization of metals by combining nanoindentation test and finite element simulation. Trans Nonferrous Met Soc China 23(8):2368–2373Google Scholar
  12. Masuda J, Yan J, Zhou T, Kuriyagawa T, Fukase Y (2011) Thermally induced atomic diffusion at the interface between release agent coating and mould substrate in a glass moulding press. J Phys D Appl Phys 44(21):215–302Google Scholar
  13. Moon C (2010) The effect of interfacial microstructure on the interfacial strength of glass fiber/polypropylene resin composites. J Appl Polym Sci 54(1):73–82Google Scholar
  14. Palarie I, Dascalu C, Iacobescu G (2010) Controlling the orientation of microgrooves and the depth of the ripple structure in dye-doped liquid crystal cells. Liq Cryst 37(2):195–199Google Scholar
  15. Patel D, Kalidindi S (2016) Correlation of spherical nanoindentation stress–strain curves to simple compression stress–strain curves for elastic–plastic isotropic materials using finite element models. Acta Mater 112:295–302Google Scholar
  16. Pathak S, Kalidindi S (2015) Spherical nanoindentation stress–strain curves. Mater Sci Eng, R 91:1–36Google Scholar
  17. Qin M, Ji V, Wu Y, Chen C, Li J (2005) Determination of proof stress and strain-hardening exponent for thin film with biaxial residual stresses by in situ XRD stress analysis combined with tensile test. Surf Coat Technol 192(2):139–144Google Scholar
  18. Ren B, Liu Z, Li D, Shi L, Cai B, Wang M (2012) Corrosion behavior of cucrfenimn high entropy alloy system in 1 M sulfuric acid solution. Mater Corros 63(9):828–834Google Scholar
  19. Satish D, Kumar D, Merklein M (2017) Effect of temperature and punch speed on forming limit strains of AA5182 alloy in warm forming and improvement in failure prediction in finite element analysis. J Strain Anal Eng Des 52(4):258–273Google Scholar
  20. Wang B, Zhang Z, Chang K, Cui J, Rosenkranz A, Yu J, Lin C, Chen G, Zang K, Luo J, Jiang N, Guo D (2018) New deformation-induced nanostructure in silicon. Nano Lett 18:4611–4617Google Scholar
  21. Weaver J, Priddy M, Mcdowell D, Kalidindi S (2016) On capturing the grain-scale elastic and plastic anisotropy of alpha-Ti with spherical nanoindentation and electron back-scattered diffraction. Acta Mater 117:23–34Google Scholar
  22. Xie J, Zhou T, Liu Y, Kuriyagawa T, Wang X (2016a) Mechanism study on microgroove forming by ultrasonic vibration assisted hot pressing. Precis Eng 46:270–277Google Scholar
  23. Xie J, Zhou T, Liu Y, Kuriyagawa T, Wang X (2016b) The effects of ultrasonic vibration in hot pressing for microgrooves. Mater Sci Forum 861:121–126Google Scholar
  24. Xie J, Zhou T, Ruan B, Du Y, Wang X (2017) Effects of interface thermal resistance on surface morphology evolution in precision glass molding for microlens array. Appl Opt 56(23):6622–6628Google Scholar
  25. Yu Q, Zhou T, Jiang Y, Yan X, An Z, Wang X (2018) Preparation of graphene-enhanced nickel–phosphorus composite films by ultrasonic-assisted electroless plating. Appl Surf Sci 435:617–625Google Scholar
  26. Zhang Z, Cui J, Chang K, Liu D, Chen G, Jiang N (2011) Deformation induced new pathways in silicon. Nanoscale 11:9862–9868Google Scholar
  27. Zhang Z, Huo F, Zhang X, Guo D (2012) Fabrication and size prediction of crystalline nanoparticles of silicon induced by nanogrinding with ultrafine diamond grits. Scr Mater 67(7–8):657–660Google Scholar
  28. Zhang Z, Yang S, Guo D, Yuan B, Guo X, Zhang B (2015a) Deformation twinning evolution from a single crystal in a face-centered-cubic ternary alloy. Sci Rep 5:11290–11296Google Scholar
  29. Zhang Z, Wang B, Kang R, Zhang B, Guo D (2015b) Changes in surface layer of silicon wafers from diamond scratching. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 64(1):349–352Google Scholar
  30. Zhang Z, Cui J, Wang B, Wang Z, Kang R, Guo D (2017) A novel approach of mechanical chemical grinding. J Alloy Compd 726:514–524Google Scholar
  31. Zhou T, Yan J, Masuda J, Oowada T, Kuriyagawa T (2011) Investigation on shape transferability in ultraprecision glass molding press for microgrooves. Precis Eng 35(2):214–220Google Scholar
  32. Zhou T, Xie J, Yan J, Tsunemoto K, Wang X (2017a) Improvement of glass formability in ultrasonic vibration assisted molding process. Int J Precis Eng Manuf 18(1):57–62Google Scholar
  33. Zhou T, Xie J, Yan J, Tsunemoto K, Wang X (2017b) Improvement of glass formability in ultrasonic vibration assisted molding process. Int J Precis Eng Manuf 18(1):57–62Google Scholar
  34. Zhou T, Liu X, Liang Z, Liu Y, Xie J, Wang X (2017c) Recent advancements in optical microstructure fabrication through glass molding process. Front Mech Eng 12(1):1–20Google Scholar
  35. Zhou T, Zhu Z, Liu X, Liang Z, Wang X (2018) A review of the precision glass molding of chalcogenide glass (chg) for infrared optics. Micromachines 9(7):337–341Google Scholar
  36. Zhu X, Wei J, Chen L, Liu J, Hei L, Li C (2015) Anti-sticking re-ir coating for glass molding process. Thin Solid Films 584:305–309Google Scholar

Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science for Advanced MachiningBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Mechanical and Electronic EngineeringNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Electromechanical and Automotive EngineeringYantai UniversityYantaiPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations