Advertisement

Low temperature green nano-composite vegetable-gum drilling fluid

  • Sheng WangEmail author
  • Zhihong Shu
  • Liyi Chen
  • Peng Yan
  • Bo Li
  • Chaopeng Yuan
  • Liming Jian
Original Article
  • 11 Downloads

Abstract

Drilling in alpine ecological fragile areas for the energy and mineral exploration needs superior low temperature drilling fluids with the required environmental protection of the ecosystem and a high efficiency of core drilling. To meet this demand, a comprehensive study on the appropriate material sourcing, lab measured properties and mechanism analysis of a new drilling fluid suitable for such areas was conducted by a systematic method of theoretical analysis, experimental work and a verifying field test. As a result, a new low temperature vegetable gum drilling fluid (NCKL) was developed by mixing with kuli vegetable gum, antifreeze potassium formate, nano silica, polymer synergist, and inorganic treatment agent. Lab test results showed that NCKL had an easy preparation, good low temperature rheology, viscoelasticity, anti-collapse property, and exceeding environmental protection level requirement (as per LC50 test). An analysis of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to investigate the microscopic features of NCKL, which led to a low temperature mechanism explanation. Finally a successful field test demonstrated that NCKL provided a new potential solution for a better core drilling in complex strata of alpine ecological fragile areas.

Keywords

Alpine ecological fragile areas Core drilling Nano-composite drilling fluid Low temperature green vegetable gum drilling fluid 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper has been supported by National Natural Science of China (Grant nos. 51204027, 41672362) and the State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (Grant no. SKLGP2017Z011).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors agree to the submission of the paper, there are no conflicts of interest.

References

  1. Aftab A, Ismail AR, Ibupoto ZH (2016) Enhancing the rheological properties and shale inhibition behavior of water-based mud using nanosilica, multi-walled carbon nanotube, and graphene nanoplatelet. Egypt J Pet 26(2):291–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen F, Zhang HS, Zhang QG, Fan Y, Wang YS, Zhang SB (2018) Research and application of synthetic ester lubricant with low toxicity used in drilling fluid. Oilfield Chem 35(1):8–11Google Scholar
  3. Cranford PJ, Gordon DC, Lee K, Armsworthy SL, Tremblay GH (1999) Chronic toxicity and physical disturbance effects of water- and oil-based drilling fluids and some major constituents on adult sea scallops (Placopecten magellanicus). Mar Environ Res 48(3):256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dai QS, Pan Y, Yang SC (2015) Research progress of environmentally friendly drilling fluid at home and abroad. Oilfield Chem 32(3):435–439Google Scholar
  5. Di WN, Yan C, Ye HC (2014) New developments in shale gas drilling fluid technology abroad. Dril Fluid Complet Fluid 31(6):76–81 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  6. Gbadamosi AO, Junin R, Abdalla Y, Agi A, Oseh JO (2019) Experimental investigation of the effects of silica nanoparticle on hole cleaning efficiency of water-based drilling mud. J Petrol Sci Eng 172:1226–1234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Huang HB (1993) Overview of drilling fluid toxicity evaluation. Dril Fluid Complet Fluid 1:6–8 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  8. Jia CY, Chen SW, Mo WP, Meng YW, Yang L (1988) Study on white konjac and flower konjac glucomannan. Chin J Biochem Mol Biol 4(05):407–413 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  9. Katsuraya K, Okuyama K, Hatanaka K, Oshima R, Sato T, Matsuzaki K (2003) Constitution of konjac glucomannan: chemical analysis and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Carbohyd Polym 53(2):183–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kazemi-Beydokhti A, Hajiabadi SH (2018) Rheological investigation of smart polymer/carbon nanotube complex on properties of water-based drilling fluids. Colloid Surface A 556:23–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Li CX, Wang WD, Li ZW, Wang MR, Jiao YC (1999) The fry acute toxicity experiment and research with waste drilling fluid in Daqing oil field. Environ Protect Oil Gas Field 7(3):53–57Google Scholar
  12. Li FX, Jiang GC, Wang ZK, Cui MR (2014) Drilling fluid from natural vegetable gum. Petrol Sci Technol 32(6):738–744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ni XY (2006) Physical and chemical properties and applications of nanomaterials. Chemical Industry Press, Beijing (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  14. Olennikov DN, Rokhin AV (2010) Galactomannan from the seeds of Ural licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.). Appl Biochem Micro 46(5):540–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Qiu ZS, Xu JG, Yang P, Zhao X, Mou TB, Zhong HY, Huang WA (2018) Effect of amphiphilic polymer/nano silica composite on shale stability for water-based muds. Appl Sci-Basel 8(10):1839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Saffari HRM, Soltani R, Alaei M, Soleymani M (2018) Tribological properties of water-based drilling fluids with borate nanoparticles as lubricant additives. J Petrol Sci Eng 171:253–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Shi SK (2001) Properties and applications of nanomaterials. Univ Chem 16(2):39–42 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  18. Smirnova NI, Mestechkina NM, Sherbukhin VD (2004) Fractional isolation and study of the structure of galactomannan from Sophora (Styphnolobium japonicum) Seeds. Appl Biochem Micro 40(5):517–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tait RD, Maxon CL, Parr TD, Newton FC (2016) Benthos response following petroleum exploration in the southern Caspian Sea: relating effects of nonaqueous drilling fluid, water depth, and dissolved oxygen. Mar Pollut Bull 110(1):520–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Vryzas Z, Nalbandian L, Zaspalis VT, Kelessidis VC (2019) How different nanoparticles affect the rheological properties of aqueous Wyoming sodium bentonite suspensions. J Petrol Sci Eng 173:941–954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wang BT (2016) Current status of nanometer drilling fluid technology. Unconvent Oil Gas 3(5):134–138 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  22. Wang S, Chen LY, Huang M, Zhang GX (2010) New type KL plant glue solid free drilling fluid system for environmental protection. Coal Geol Explor 38(3):76–80Google Scholar
  23. Wang JJ, Peng ZB, Liu MF, Li FQ (2012) Formed vegetable gum characteristics and its mechanism of wall protecting and leak plugging. J Cent South Univ T 43(4):1419Google Scholar
  24. Wang S, Yuan CP, Zhang C, Chen LY, Liu JC (2017a) Rheological properties with temperature response characteristics and a mechanism of solid-free polymer drilling fluid at low temperatures. Appl Sci-Basel 7(1):18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wang S, Zhang C, Yuan CP, Chen LY (2017b) Rheological properties of polymer drilling fluid developed for permafrost natural gas hydrate drilling. Chem Tech Fuels Oil 53(2):274–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wang B, Zhang ZY, Chang KK, Cui JF, Rosenkranz A, Yu JH, Lin CT, Chen GX, Zang KT, Luo J, Jiang N, Guo DM (2018) New deformation-induced nanostructure in silicon. Nano Lett 18(7):4611–4617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. William JKM, Ponmani S, Samuel R, Nagarajan R, Sangwai JS (2014) Effect of CuO and ZnO nanofluids in xanthan gum on thermal, electrical and high pressure rheology of water-based drilling fluids. J Petrol Sci Eng 117:15–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Xie YN (2017) Experimental study on low-toxicity and environment-friendly oil-based drilling fluids. Petrol Dril Tech 45(1):45–50Google Scholar
  29. Yan JN (2013) Drilling fluid technology. China University of Petroleum Press, Beijing (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  30. Yan P (2015) Study on crosslinking mechanism and anti-sloughing modification of vegetable rubber washing liquid. Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  31. Yu ZG, Zhang J, Peng SP, Yang F (2010) Research and application of decomposable formate base drilling fluid. Oil Dril Prod Technol 32(6):53–56Google Scholar
  32. Zhan YL, Xu LS, Li YL (2010) Analysis and discussion on the rheology of sm vegetable gum drilling fluid. Geol Explor 46(2):343–347 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  33. Zhang ZY, Huo FW, Zhang XZ, Guo DM (2012a) Fabrication and size prediction of crystalline nanoparticles of silicon induced by nanogrinding with ultrafine diamond grits. Scripta Mater 67(7–8):657–660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang ZY, Song YX, Huo FW, Guo DM (2012b) Nanoscale material removal mechanism of soft-brittle hgcdte single crystals under nanogrinding by ultrafine diamond grits. Tribol Lett 46(1):95–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhang ZY, Song YX, Xu CG, Guo DM (2012c) A novel model for undeformed nanometer chips of soft-brittle HgCdTe films induced by ultrafine diamond grits. Scripta Mater 67(2):197–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhang ZY, Huo YX, Guo DM (2013a) A model for nanogrinding based on direct evidence of ground chips of silicon wafers. Sci China Technol Sc 56(9):2099–2108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhang ZY, Zhang XZ, Xu CG, Guo DM (2013b) Characterization of nanoscale chips and a novel model for face nanogrinding on soft-brittle hgcdte films. Tribol Lett 49(1):203–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhang ZY, Wang B, Kang RK, Zhang B, Guo DM (2015) Changes in surface layer of silicon wafers from diamond scratching. Cirp Ann-Manuf Techn 64(1):349–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhang C, Wang S, Chen LY, Yuan CP, Guo KB (2016a) Low-temperature rheological response characteristics of the polymer drilling fluid developed for permafrost gas hydrate exploration. Nat Gas Ind 36(2):92–97Google Scholar
  40. Zhang ZY, Wang B, Huang SL, Wen B, Yang S, Zhang B, Lin CT, Jiang N, Jin ZM, Guo DM (2016b) A novel approach to fabricating a nanotwinned surface on a ternary nickel alloy. Mater Des 106:313–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhang ZY, Wang B, Zhou P, Guo DM, Kang RK, Zhang B (2016c) A novel approach of chemical mechanical polishing using environment-friendly slurry for mercury cadmium telluride semiconductors. Sci Rep-Uk 6:22466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhang ZY, Wang B, Zhou P, Kang RK, Zhang B, Guo DM (2016d) A novel approach of chemical mechanical polishing for cadmium zinc telluride wafers. Sci Rep-Uk 6:26891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zhang ZY, Cui JF, Wang B, Wang ZG, Kang RK, Guo DM (2017a) A novel approach of mechanical chemical grinding. J Alloy Compd 726:514–524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zhang ZY, Huang SL, Chen LL, Wang B, Wen B, Zhang B, Guo DM (2017b) Ultrahigh hardness on a face-centered cubic metal. Appl Surf Sci 416:891–900CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Zhang ZY, Jiang G, Wu Y, Kong FM, Huang J (2018) Surface functional modification of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene fiber by atom transfer radical polymerization. Appl Surf Sci 427:410–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhang ZY, Cui JF, Zhang JB, Liu DD, Yu ZJ, Guo DM (2019) Environment friendly chemical mechanical polishing of copper. Appl Surf Sci 467:5–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zhao Q, Xu MB, Chen Y, Zhou SS (2014) Laboratory study of low-solid potassium formate drill-in fluid system. J Oil Gas Technol 36(9):102–105Google Scholar

Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  2. 2.Bazhong Municipal Bureau of Land and ResourcesSichuanChina
  3. 3.Sichuan Province Jinhe Geology & Exploration Co., LtdChengduChina
  4. 4.Sichuan Shu Tong Geotechnical Engineering CompanyChengduChina

Personalised recommendations