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Symbiosis

pp 1–14 | Cite as

Obliteration of phosphorus deficiency in plants by microbial interceded approach

  • Bhawna DiptaEmail author
  • Sonal Bhardwaj
  • Manoj Kaushal
  • Shruti Kirti
  • Ruchi Sharma
Article

Abstract

Phosphorus plays an indispensable part in keeping up soil richness and securing global sustenance production, however, its chief proportions remain interlocked in various insoluble forms of Ca, Fe and Al ion precipitates that cannot be taken by the plants proficiently. This prompts to an indiscriminate application of phosphatic chemical fertilizers to the crop field which has led to substantial pollution of soil, air, water and deleterious effects on soil health due to leaching and run-off of phosphorus into soil and water table. Microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, actinobacteria, and cyanobacteria play a crucial role in mobilizing inorganic and organic P in the soil and simultaneously increases P uptake by the plant. In the present review, endeavors have been made to emphasize on the occurrence, mechanism, the role of phosphate solubilizing bacteria in solubilization of fixed phosphorus and genetics of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms.

Keywords

Soil phosphorus Organic acids Mineralization Phytase Plant growth 

Notes

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhawna Dipta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sonal Bhardwaj
    • 2
  • Manoj Kaushal
    • 3
  • Shruti Kirti
    • 2
  • Ruchi Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Plant ProtectionICAR-Central Potato Research InstituteShimlaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Basic Sciences, College of ForestryDr. YS Parmar University of Horticulture and ForestrySolanIndia
  3. 3.International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, East Africa Regional Hub, IITADar es SalaamTanzania

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