Profiling of polyphenols in phalsa (Grewia asiatica L) fruits based on liquid chromatography high resolution mass spectrometry

  • Tanmay Kumar Koley
  • Zareen Khan
  • Dasharath Oulkar
  • Bijendra Singh
  • B. P. Bhatt
  • Kaushik BanerjeeEmail author
Original Article


The aim of the study was to screen the metabolite profile of phalsa (Grewia asiatica), an underutilized fruit crop, using liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometric analysis. A total of 50 compounds were tentatively identified based on their molecular mass and characteristic fragment ions, each with less than 5 ppm of mass error. These compounds included 21 flavonols, 2 dihydroflavonols, 7 flavones, 3 flavanols, 6 anthocyanins, 3 isoflavonoids, 2 phenolic acids, 2 flavanones, and 4 other phenolics. Flavonols were the predominant group of compounds, representing around 52.6% of the total phenolics. The paper has also discussed the potentiality of phalsa as an emerging functional food for the management of various human diseases in relation to the existing literature.


Phalsa (Grewia asiatica L, Tiliaceae) Phenolic profiling Antioxidant activity High resolution LC–MS 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they do not have any conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

13197_2019_4092_MOESM1_ESM.docx (96 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 96 kb)


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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Research Complex for Eastern RegionPatnaIndia
  2. 2.National Referral LaboratoryICAR-National Research Centre for Grapes, Government of IndiaPuneIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable ResearchVaranasiIndia

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