Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 57, Issue 1, pp 12–21 | Cite as

Cashew nut and cashew apple: a scientific and technological monitoring worldwide review

  • Nathalia Nogueira OliveiraEmail author
  • Cheila Gonçalves Mothé
  • Michelle Gonçalves Mothé
  • Leandra Guimarães de Oliveira
Review Article


The cashew tree or Anacardium occidentale, a tropical tree native from Brazil, was introduced to Asia and Africa by European explorers in the sixteenth century. The world production of cashew nuts reached 4.89 million tons in 2016, with Vietnam being the largest producer of nuts. The cashew market is expected to remain strong due to high production growth in some areas, such as West Africa. Cashew production is potentially an important value for small farmers in emerging countries and there is an immense potential for cashew by-product exploitation that can add value to cashew agribusiness. The present work carries out a technological prospection in databases of patents and scientific papers mapping the applications of cashew nuts and cashew apple. It was possible to identify 2376 patent applications and 586 scientific publications on cashew nuts and cashew apple together. After the analysis of patents and scientific papers, it was possible to note that the cashew tree is a tree of multiple uses that can contribute in several industry sectors. Thus, the present study mapped the potentiality of applications of the various parts of the cashew, which allows adding value to the cashew agribusiness.


Anacardium occidentale Cashew agribusiness Technological monitoring Cashew nut Cashew apple 



The authors would like to thank the Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), the Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Studies (CAPES) for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Organic Processes, School of ChemistryFederal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Brazilian National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI)Rio de JaneiroBrazil

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