Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 56, Issue 12, pp 5474–5483 | Cite as

Immature wheat grain as a potential prebiotic ingredient in set-type yoghurts: impact on antioxidative, textural properties and survival of different probiotics

  • Talha Demirci
  • Hale İnci Öztürk NegişEmail author
  • Aysun Oraç
  • Çiğdem Konak Göktepe
  • Didem Sözeri Atik
  • Kübra Aktaş
  • Sümeyye Demirci
  • Durmuş Sert
  • Nihat Akın
Original Article


The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of immature wheat grain (IWG) on the survival of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM (LNCFM), Lactobacillus casei 431 (L431) and Lactobacillus acidophilus 20079 (L20079) in yoghurts under cold storage. Furthermore, the impact of IWG on physicochemical, textural and antioxidative properties of yoghurts was evaluated. Fortification of yoghurt with IWG positively affected LNCFM and L20079 counts during cold storage whereas no statistical improvement was observed in the viability of L431. The addition of IWG clearly supported the antioxidative activity and total phenolic content in yoghurt. No statistical differences were discovered regarding syneresis and water holding capacity in all probiotic applications. Although, enrichment with IWG enhanced the firmness of probiotic yoghurts, it simultaneously reduced the cohesiveness and viscosity index. This study demonstrated that IWG may be used as a food additive for enhancing probiotic LNCFM and L20079 survival and providing functional aspects in yoghurt.


Immature wheat grain Probiotic Prebiotic Yoghurt 



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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Talha Demirci
    • 1
  • Hale İnci Öztürk Negiş
    • 2
    Email author
  • Aysun Oraç
    • 3
  • Çiğdem Konak Göktepe
    • 3
  • Didem Sözeri Atik
    • 4
  • Kübra Aktaş
    • 5
  • Sümeyye Demirci
    • 1
  • Durmuş Sert
    • 6
  • Nihat Akın
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of AgricultureSelcuk UniversityKonyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureKonya Food and Agriculture UniversityKonyaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Food Engineering, Karapınar Aydoğanlar Vocational SchoolSelcuk UniversityKonyaTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of AgricultureNamık Kemal UniversityTekirdağTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Gastronomy and Culinary Arts, School of Applied SciencesKaramanoğlu Mehmetbey UniversityKaramanTurkey
  6. 6.Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringNecmettin Erbakan UniversityKonyaTurkey

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