Nutritional value and antioxidant properties of hull and kernel in Pistacia atlantica and Pistacia khinjuk fruits

  • Behnam Mohammadi
  • Hassan Ebrahimzadeh MaboudEmail author
  • Seyed Mahdi SeyediEmail author
Original Article


Different species of Pistacia are rich in various mineral and natural antioxidants’ compounds and have numerous pharmacological effects with a gamut running from being anticholinesterasic and antitumor to being antidiabetic, etc. Various parameters such as antioxidant compounds, fatty acid profiles and nutritious elements were probed in different populations of Pistacia atlantica and Pistacia khinjuk. The results unveiled the high contents of antioxidants such as phenolic compounds, flavonols, anthocyanins, flavonoids, tocopherols and ascorbic acid in hull relative to that of kernel. In different populations, the kernel has a higher nutritional value than the hull; for example, the content of protein, sugar, unsaturated fatty acids and elements such as phosphorus, calcium, iron and copper in kernel are greater vis-à-vis that of hull. Palmitic, oleic (ω-9) and linoleic acids (ω-6) are the major components in the profile of hull and kernel fatty acids. Generally, the findings demonstrated that the kernel and hull of P. atlantica—especially in the JE population—have the highest nutritional value and antioxidant properties, respectively.


Pistacia atlantica Pistacia khinjuk Hull Kernel Antioxidant Nutritional value 



The financial support of this research was provided by College of Science, University of Tehran.

Author’s Contribution

Abdol Mohammadi has contributed in the major bench experiments. Dr. Hassan Ebrahimzadeh and Dr. Seyed Mahdi Seyedi equally designed the experiments.


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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Biology, and Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms in Iran, School of Biology, College of ScienceUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Plant BiotechnologyNational Institute of Genetic Engineering and BiotechnologyTehranIran

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