Quality characterization and effect of sonication time on bioactive properties of honey from North East India
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The North-Eastern region of India is known for its rich flora and has great potential for honey production. Honey samples collected from local markets of different regions of North-East India viz. Shillong, Sohra, Mawsynram, Jorhat and Tezpur were analyzed for physicochemical properties, bioactivity and mineral content. Effect of sonication time on the bioactive properties of honey was determined. All the honey samples had good bioactive properties and high content of potassium, sodium, calcium and iron. The Jorhat sample had the highest phenolic content (296.68 ± 2.16 mg GAE/100 g) and flavonoid content (155.26 ± 2.90 μg quercetin/100 g) whereas highest DPPH radical scavenging activity with an IC50 value of 29.8 ± 0.20 g and a FRAP value of 7291.60 ± 584.6 μM Fe(II)/100 g were noted in Shillong sample. Sonication exhibited various effects on the bioactive properties of the selected honey samples based on their source and treatment time. Honey from Jorhat and Sohra exhibited good quality standards with HMF content less than 80 mg/kg.
KeywordsNorth-East India Honey Bioactive properties Sonication Minerals Hydroxymethylfurfural
NKM is thankful to Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, New Delhi for Grant of fellowship (DST/INSPIRE Fellowship/2013/482).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
We declare that there is no conflict of interest.
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