Chemo-profiling of anthocyanins and fatty acids present in pomegranate aril and seed grown in Indian condition and its bioaccessibility study

  • Anindita Paul
  • Kaushik Banerjee
  • Arnab Goon
  • Supradip Saha
Original Article
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

The goal of the present study was to investigate the bioactive molecules (anthocyanins and fatty acids) present in the aril of pomegranate. Major anthocyanins present in the aril of pomegranate were identified by HRMS as delphinidin 3,5-diglucoside, cyanidin 3,5-diglucoside, pelargonidin 3,5-diglucoside, cyanidin 3-glucoside and delphinidin 3-glucoside. In-vitro study revealed that bioaccessibility of anthocyanin in duodenal condition was varied between 7.3 and 9.7%. Encapsulation enhances the bioaccessibility of both the phenolics to some extent in gastric as well as duodenal condition. Seed oil contains significant amount of unsaturated fatty acids especially ω-5 fatty acids. Geometrical isomers of ω-5 fatty acids were also identified by GC–MS. The spray dried anthocyanin formulation has potential for food application.

Keywords

Pomegranate aril Seed Anthocyanins HRMS characterization Spray drying Bioaccessibility 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support and facilities provided by the Head, Division of Agricultural Chemicals, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi and National Research Centre for Grape, Pune.

Supplementary material

13197_2018_3166_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1600 kb)

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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Agricultural ChemicalsICAR-Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.National Referral LaboratoryICAR-National Research Center for GrapesPuneIndia

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