Advertisement

Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 120–125 | Cite as

Fiberboards based on filled lignin resin and petiole fibers

  • Mohamed Ammar
  • Nabawia Mechi
  • Abdelmoumen Hidouri
  • Elimame Elaloui
Original Article
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

Fiberboards were manufactured from filled phenolic resins (lignin-formaldehyde or glyoxal) and petiole date palm fibers. Lignin was obtained from paper industry waste black liquor. To improve lignin reactivity and increase the bonding strength between matrix and fiber, phosphogypsum (PG) was used as a filler in the resin formulation from 1 to 3 wt%. Phosphogypsum exhibited excellent performance as binder; this was verified by a decrease in the gelation time and an increase in internal bond (IB) in fiberboards. The analysis confirmed that resin reactivity depends on aldehyde types (glyoxal or formaldehyde) and PG proportion. Most of the obtained boards were of good quality [modulus of elasticity (MOE) up to 1230 MPa; modulus of rupture (MOR) up to 25 MPa; internal bond (IB) up to 0.23 MPa; water absorption (WA) up to 28%].

Keywords

Petiole date palm fibers Lignin Fiberboard Phosphogypsum 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their sincere thanks to Professor Mohamed Naceur Belgacem, Director of INP-Pagora Grenoble, for his valuable advice and assistance. The authors express sincere thanks to the Tunisian Higher Education and Scientific Research Ministry for its financial.

References

  1. Akil HM, Omar MF, Mazuki AAM, Safiee S, Ishak ZAM, Abu Bakar A (2014) Kenaf fiber reinforced composites: a review. J Mater Design 32:4107–4121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ammar M, Khiari R, Belgacem MN, Elaloui E (2014) Isolation and characterization of lignin’s from Stipa tenacissima L. and Phoenix dactylifer. Cellul Chem Technol 48(3–4):255–263Google Scholar
  3. Angles MN, Reguant J, Montane D, Ferrando F, Farriol X, Salvado J (1999) Binderless composites from pretreated residual softwood. J Appl Polym Sci 73(12):2485–2491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Belgacem MN, Candini A (2008) Monomers, polymers and composites from renewable resources. Elsevier, ISBN: 978-0-08-045316-3Google Scholar
  5. Camilo M, Nour-Eddine E-M, Pelach MA, Ferrando F, Salvado J (2012) Feasibility of incorporating treated lignins in fiberboards made from agricultural waste. Wast Manag 32:1962–1967CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. El Mansouri NE, Pizzi A, Salvado J (2007) Lignin-based polycondensation resins for wood adhesives. J Appl Polym Sci 103:1690–1699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. EN310 (1993) Wood-based panels. Determination of modulus of elasticity in bending and of bending strengthGoogle Scholar
  8. EN317 (1993) Particleboards and fiberboards. Determination of swelling in thickness after immersion in waterGoogle Scholar
  9. EN319 (1993) Particleboards and fiberboards. Determination of tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the boardGoogle Scholar
  10. EN325 (1993) Wood-based panels. Determination of dimensions of test piecesGoogle Scholar
  11. Evon P, Vandenbossche V, Pontalier PY, Rigal L (2010) Thermo-mechanical behavior of the raffinate resulting from the aqueous extraction of sunflower whole plant in twin-screw extruder: manufacturing of biodegradable agromaterials by thermopressing. Adv Mater Res 112:63–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ferhi F, Das S, Moussaoui Y, Elaloui E, Yanez JG (2014) Paper from Stipagrostis pungens. Ind Crops Prod 59:109–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. González-García S, Feijoo G, Heathcote C, Kandelbauer A, Moreira MT (2011) Environmental assessment of green hardboard production coupled with a laccase activated system. J Clean Prod 19:445–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lei H, Pizzi A, Du G (2008) Environmentally friendly mixed tannin/lignin wood resins. J Appl Polym Sci 107:203–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mannai F, Ammar M, Yanez J, Elaloui E, Moussaoui Y (2016) Cellulose fiber from Tunisian Barbary Fig “Opuntia ficus-indica” for papermaking. Cellulose 23:2061–2072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Marrakchi Z, Khiari R, Oueslati H, Mauret E, Mhenni F (2011) Pulping and papermaking properties of Tunisian Alfa stems (Stipa tenacissima) effects of refining process. Ind Crops Prod 34:1572–1582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mechi N, Khiari R, Belgacem MN, Elaloui E (2016) Preparation of paper sheet from cellulosic fibres obtained from Prunus amygdalus and Tamarisk sp. Cellul Chem Technol 50:863–872Google Scholar
  18. Perez JM, Fernandez A (2012) Thermal stability and pyrolysis kinetics of lignin-phenol-formaldehyde resins. J Appl Polym Sci 123:3036–3045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Saari N, Hashim R, Sulaiman O, Hiziroglu S, Sato M, Sugimoto T (2014) Properties of steam treated binderless particleboard made from oil palm trunks. Compos Part B 56:344–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Younesi-Kordkheili H (2018) Improving physical and mechanical properties of new lignin-urea-glyoxal resin by nanoclay. Eur J Wood Prod.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00107-016-1153-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Wood Science 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Ammar
    • 1
  • Nabawia Mechi
    • 1
  • Abdelmoumen Hidouri
    • 2
  • Elimame Elaloui
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Material Environment and Energy Laboratory (UR14ES26), Faculty of Sciences of GafsaUniversity of GafsaGafsaTunisia
  2. 2.Higher Institute of Technological Studies of Gafsa, Mechanical Department, General Direction of Technological Stadies of Rades TunisiaUniversity CampusGafsaTunisia
  3. 3.Faculty of Sciences of GafsaUniversity of GafsaGafsaTunisia

Personalised recommendations