Evaluating the Effect of a Video Education Curriculum for First Time Breast Cancer Patients: a Prospective RCT Feasibility Study
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Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients seek information through a variety of sources. In this small pilot study, we evaluated the feasibility of providing personalizable breast cancer video education prior to the first oncology consultation and compared outcomes to patients receiving standard of care educational materials. Personalized videos included detailed information on a patient’s specific grade, stage, and tumor subtype (e.g., grade 2, stage 3, triple negative breast cancer) in addition to general videos that defined the terms of grade, stage, and cancer subtype. Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients who were scheduled for an initial oncology appointment at two sites were enrolled in this prospective, randomized control trial. Twenty-eight patients were assigned to receive either video education (experimental group) with the possibility of personalization or a video explaining how to view cancer education materials at the cancer center website (control group). Sixteen oncologists at the two centers also participated in evaluating patient outcomes. Pre- and post-education surveys queried patient-perceived understanding of breast cancer and treatment, perceived ability for decision-making, confidence in providers, and anxiety and depression symptoms. We observed that patients given video education had greater improvements in some of these areas, with the biggest improvement seen in patients who received a personalized video on their specific tumor subtype (based on tumor receptor status). Overall, however, there were no statistically significant differences between the study groups. We conclude that providing personalized video education during the time prior to first oncologic consultation is feasible and may provide benefit for patients, especially for explaining complex components of a diagnosis, such as a cancer subtype. Further research is needed to determine how to optimally provide education tailored to a given patient and tumor type, and how to leverage patients’ electronic devices as an education delivery vehicle.
KeywordsBreast cancer Breast cancer education Video education Cancer education
The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge Katie Fitzmaurice at the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance for her generous administrative support throughout this project.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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