Journal of Cancer Education

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 186–193 | Cite as

Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Cancer Pain Management Among Nurses at Oncology Units

  • Malek Khalel Alnajar
  • Muhammad W. DarawadEmail author
  • Sandi Sami Alshahwan
  • Osama A. Samarkandi


Nurses have major responsibilities to treat cancer pain in an optimal way. Their knowledge and attitudes are the key to success cancer pain management (CPM) process and impact the outcomes of pain treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes toward CPM among Jordanian nurses working at oncology units. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used to collect data from 135 nurses who were working at four oncology units using Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain. The percentage of correct answers was 51.5% indicating that participants had fair knowledge and attitudes toward CPM. Nurses appeared knowledgeable about CPM guidelines but were unfamiliar regarding pharmacological management and had negative attitudes toward opioids addiction and pain assessment. Significantly, knowledge and attitudes were higher among nurses who had previous education programs (P < .001) and worked in a pain team (P < .001). Therefore, including CPM topics in nursing curricula and postgraduate educational programs is needed. Additionally, initiating pain management teams and using CPM guidelines will contribute to effective treatment of cancer pain.


Pain management Cancer pain Nurses Knowledge Attitudes Oncology Jordan 



The authors acknowledge the University of Jordan for funding this study. Also, sincere thanks to the participants and to the directors of nursing within the participating hospitals.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approvals were obtained from the Scientific Research Committee at the School of nursing in The University of Jordan and the Institutional Review Boards of the participating hospitals. Participants’ privacy was reserved by ensuring that they have the right whether to participate in this study or not and to withdraw at any time. No form of personal identification was incorporated into the study, therefore, confidentiality and anonymity of the respondents were guaranteed


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Copyright information

© American Association for Cancer Education 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of NursingThe University of JordanAmmanJordan
  2. 2.Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz College for Emergency Medical ServicesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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