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ACMT Position Statement: Addressing Pediatric Cannabis Exposure

  • Maryann Mazer Amirshahi
  • Michael J. Moss
  • Silas W. Smith
  • Lewis S. Nelson
  • Andrew I. StolbachEmail author
Position Statement

Background

In recent years, the use of medicinal cannabis has expanded, and cannabis has been decriminalized or legalized in many states. In addition to these changes in cannabis policy, there has been significant increase in the types, number, and potency of available products. Due to these changes in policy and availability, inadvertent cannabis exposures in children have been on the rise, leading to significant adverse events. ACMT believes stakeholders should implement measures to prevent pediatric cannabis poisonings.

For the purposes of this statement, we consider children to be individuals < 12 years of age. This position statement is not intended to address either the intentional use of cannabis by adolescents or prescription cannabidiol. We consider “exposure” to be contact between a person and a cannabis product. We characterize any adverse event due to exposure as “poisoning.”

Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in the USA [1]. In recent years, many states have...

Notes

Sources of Funding

None.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Disclaimer

While individual practitioners may differ, these are the positions of the American College of Medical Toxicology (ACMT) at the time written, after a review of the issue and pertinent literature.

Conflicts of Interest

None.

References

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Copyright information

© American College of Medical Toxicology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryann Mazer Amirshahi
    • 1
  • Michael J. Moss
    • 2
  • Silas W. Smith
    • 3
  • Lewis S. Nelson
    • 4
  • Andrew I. Stolbach
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Emergency Medicine, MedStar Washington Hospital CenterGeorgetown University School of MedicineWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Utah Poison Control Center, College of PharmacyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.NYU School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Rutgers New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA
  5. 5.Johns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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