I Embrace My LGB Identity: Self-Reassurance, Social Safeness, and the Distinctive Relevance of Authenticity to Well-Being in Italian Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexual People

  • Nicola Petrocchi
  • Jessica Pistella
  • Marco Salvati
  • Nicola Carone
  • Fiorenzo Laghi
  • Roberto BaioccoEmail author


We explored the differences among 327 lesbian, gay, and/or bisexual (LGB) individuals on the dimensions of the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Positive Identity Measure (LGB-PIM), a recently developed instrument to assess positive facets of LGB identity. We evaluated the relationship between the dimensions of LGB-PIM and self-relating processes (self-criticism, self-hate, and self-reassurance), internalized sexual stigma (ISS), social safeness and well-being, and the distinctive impact of the LGB-PIM dimensions on well-being. Lesbian/gay participants showed significantly higher levels of all five dimensions of positive identity than bisexual people. All LGB-PIM dimensions, except for commitment to social justice, showed correlations with well-being, self-relating processes, ISS, and social safeness. When controlling for other variables, only authenticity showed a significant unique relevance to positive psychological functioning in this population.


LGB positive identity Well-being Self-criticism Self-reassurance Authenticity 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and Social SciencesJohn Cabot UniversityRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and PsychologySapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

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