Sexuality Research and Social Policy

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 187–191 | Cite as

Introduction: Prostitution Policies in Europe

  • Isabel CrowhurstEmail author
  • Joyce Outshoorn
  • May-Len Skilbrei

Aims and Context of the Special Issue

Prostitution markets in Europe have undergone major transformations in particular in the last three decades, spurring animated debates about how best to regulate them at the international, European, national, and local levels. Given that European countries approach prostitution and its markets in different ways, the landscape of contemporary prostitution policies in Europe presents great variations. The latter are not only found between European countries and regions, but also within countries at sub-national levels. This special issue emerges from the observation of these changes and variations, and builds upon the discussions held at the European Science Foundation workshop Exploring and Comparing Prostitution Policy Regimes in Europe, which took place at Birkbeck, University of London, UK, in September 2010.1In the course of this event, a number of European experts on prostitution policy came together to discuss and analyze the complex and...


  1. Abel, G., Fitzgerald, L., & Healy, C. (Eds.). (2010). Taking the crime out of sex work: New Zealand sex workers' fight for decriminalization. Bristol: Policy.Google Scholar
  2. Agustín, L. (2006). The disappearing of a migration category: migrants who sell sex. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 32(1), 29–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Agustín, L. (2007). The cultural study of commercial sex. Sexualities, 10(4), 473–488 (special issue).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andrijasevic, R. (2010). Migration, agency and citizenship in sex trafficking. London: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Aradau, C. (2008). Rethinking trafficking in women: politics out of security. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Berman, J. (2003). (Un)Popular strangers and crises (un)bounded: discourses of sex-trafficking, the European political community and the panicked state of the modern state. European Journal of International Relations, 9(1), 37–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bernstein, E. (2007). Temporarily yours: Intimacy, authenticity, and the commerce of sex. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Canter, D. V., Iannou, M., & Youngs, D. (2009). Safer sex in the city. The experience and management of street prostitution. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  9. Chapkis, W. (2003). Trafficking, migration and the law. Protecting innocents, punishing immigrants. Gender and Society, 17(6), 923–937.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Della Giusta, M., & Munro, V. (2008). Demanding sex. Critical reflections on the regulation of prostitution. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  11. Gall, G. (2012). An agency of their own. Alresford: Zero Books.Google Scholar
  12. Hubbard, P. (2004). Cleansing the metropolis: sex work and the politics of zero tolerance. Urban Studies, 41(9), 1687–1702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hubbard, P., Matthews, R., & Scoular, J. (2008). Regulating sex work in the EU: prostitute women and the new spaces of exclusion. Gender, Place & Culture, 15(2), 137–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kilvington, J., Day, S., & Ward, H. (2001). Prostitution policy in Europe: a time of change? Feminist Review, 68, 78–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Künkel, J. (2012). Community goes German. The displacement of the sex trade in the name of a neoliberal concept. Social Justice, 48(1–2), 74–70.Google Scholar
  16. Loopmans, M., & van den Broeck, P. (2011). Global pressures, local measures—the re-regulation of sex work in the Antwerp Schipperskwartier. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 102(5), 548–561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mathieu, L. (2001). Mobilisation de prostitutées. Paris: Belin.Google Scholar
  18. Mathieu, L. (2011). Neighbors' anxieties against prostitutes' fears: Ambivalence and repression in the policing of street prostitution in France. Emotions, Space and Society, 4(2), 113–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Munro, V. (2006). Stopping traffic? A comparative study of responses to the trafficking in women for prostitution. British Journal of Criminology 46, 318–333.Google Scholar
  20. Nussbaum, M. (1998). ‘Whether from reason or prejudice’: Taking money for bodily services. The Journal of Legal Studies 27(2), 693–723. Google Scholar
  21. O'Connell Davidson, J. (2006). Will the real sex slave please stand up? Feminist Review 83(1), 4–22.Google Scholar
  22. Outshoorn, J. (2004). Pragmatism in the Polder: changing prostitution policy in the Netherlands. Journal of Contemporary European Studies, 12(2), 165–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Outshoorn, J. (2005). The political debates on prostitution and trafficking of women. Social Politics, 12(1), 141–156.Google Scholar
  24. Phoenix, J. (2009). Regulating sex for sale. Bristol: Policy.Google Scholar
  25. Sanchez Taylor, J. (2006). Female sex tourism: a contradiction in terms. Feminist Review, 83(1), 42–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Scoular, J. (2010). What's law got to do with it? How and why law matters in the regulation of sex work. Journal of Law and Society, 37, 12–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Scoular, J., & O'Neill, M. (2007). Regulating prostitution: social inclusion, responsibilization and the politics of prostitution reform. British Journal of Criminology, 47, 764–778.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Skilbrei, M. L. (2001). The rise and fall of the Norwegian massage parlours: changes in the Norwegian prostitution setting in the 1990s. Feminist Review, 67, 63–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Skilbrei, M. L., & Holmström, C. (2011). Is there a Nordic prostitution regime? Crime & Justice, 40, 479–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Spanger, M. (2011). Human trafficking as a lever for feminist voices? Transformations of the Danish policy field of prostitution. Critical Social Policy, 31(4), 517–539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Strömpl, J. (2007). “We are here to restore the destroyed harmony between genders”: narratives about the mission of migrant prostitutes in Finland. Finnish Journal of Ethnicity and Migration, 2(1), 11–19.Google Scholar
  32. Ticktin, M. (2008). Sexual violence as the language of border control: where French feminist and anti-immigrant rhetoric meet. Signs. Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 33(4), 863–889.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wagenaar, H. (2006). Democracy and prostitution: deliberating the legalization of brothels in the Netherlands. Administration and Society, 28, 198–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Weitzer, R. (2000). Sex for sale. Prostitution, pornography, and the sex industry. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  35. Weitzer, R. (2012). Legalizing prostitution. From illicit vice to lawful business. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabel Crowhurst
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joyce Outshoorn
    • 2
  • May-Len Skilbrei
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and CriminologyKingston UniversityKingston upon ThamesUK
  2. 2.Institute of Political ScienceUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Fafo Institute for Applied International StudiesOsloNorway

Personalised recommendations