Reservoir rock typing and zonation in sequence stratigraphic framework of the Cretaceous Dariyan Formation, Persian Gulf

  • Hamzeh MehrabiEmail author
  • Rasoul Ranjbar-Karami
  • Maryam Roshani-Nejad
Original Article


This study delineates reservoir and non-reservoir zones in the Lower Cretaceous Dariyan Formation as units that are characteristic of the stratigraphic section representative of portions of the Persian Gulf offshore area. Reservoir rock types are categorized by textural and diagenetic properties. Static flow zones were delineated by porosity and permeability measurements of cored intervals. Electrofacies were prepared from clusters of petrophysical data to define reservoir zones for areas lacking wells with cored intervals. The attributes of these reservoirs are integrated into a sequence stratigraphic framework. This research indicates that rock types and reservoir zones of the Dariyan Formation differ in the studied fields located to the west and to the east in the Persian Gulf. These differences are interpreted to have resulted from a differing tectono-stratigraphic framework that controlled depositional facies and subsequent diagenesis. For example, reservoirs associated with the lower and upper carbonate units of the Dariyan Formation have different lithofacies and diagenetic modifications that resulted from deposition at two intrashelf basins at areas to the northwest and to the southeast in the Persian Gulf, and subsequent exposure to meteoric water flows during subaerial exposure.


Reservoir rock types Flow units Electrofacies Dariyan Formation Persian Gulf 



The authors express appreciation to the Iranian Offshore Oil Company (IOOC) and Abdal Industrial Projects Management Company for the access to the well and reservoir data for the three Persian Gulf fields. Behrooz Esrafili-Dizaji and Morteza Ansari contributed to sedimentological studies of the study area fields. The editor and anonymous reviewers are acknowledged for their guidance and commentaries, resulting in a greatly improved manuscript.


  1. Al-Ajmi F, Holditch SA (2000) Permeability Estimation Using Hydraulic Flow Units in a Central Arabia Reservoir. Paper SPE 63254 presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, TXGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Fares AA, Bouman M, Jeans P (1998) A new look at the Middle to Lower Cretaceous stratigraphy, offshore Kuwait. GeoArabia 3(4):543–560Google Scholar
  3. Al-Ghamdi N, Pope M (2014) Integrated high-resolution chemostratigraphy and facies-based stratigraphic architecture of the Lower Cretaceous (Aptian), Shu’aiba Formation, Saudi Arabia. AAPG Bull 98(8):1521–1549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Al-Husseini MI (2007) Iran’s crude oil reserves and production. GeoArabia 12(2):69–94Google Scholar
  5. Alsharhan AS, Nairn AEM (1997) Sedimentary basins and petroleum geology of the Middle East. Elsevier, Amsterdam, p 843Google Scholar
  6. Amaefule JO, Altnubay M, Tiab D, Kersey DG, Keeland DK (1993) Enhanced reservoir description: using core and log data to identify hydraulic (flow) units and predict permeability in un-cored intervals/wells. Soc Pet Eng SPE 26436:1–16Google Scholar
  7. Droste HJ (2010) Sequence-stratigraphic framework of the Aptian Shu’aiba Formation in the Sultanate of Oman. GeoArabia Spec Publ 4:229–283Google Scholar
  8. Gomes JS, Riberio MT, Strohmenger CJ, Negahban S, Kalam MZ (2008) Carbonate reservoir rock typing the link between geology and SCAL. In: Society of petroleum engineers - 13th Abu Dhabi international petroleum exhibition and conference, ADIPEC 2008.
  9. Gunter GW, Finneran JM, Hartmann DJ, Miller JD (1997) Early determination of reservoir flow units using an integrated petrophysical method. SPE 38679, Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, p 373–380Google Scholar
  10. Immenhauser A, Creusen A, Esteban M, Vonhof H (2000) Recognition and interpretation of polygenetic discontinuity surfaces in the Middle Cretaceous Shu’aiba, Nahr Umr and Natih formations of North Oman. GeoArabia 5:299–322Google Scholar
  11. Kaufman L, Rousseeuw PJ (1990) Finding groups in data. Wiley, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Masse JP, Borgomano J, Al Maskiry S (1998) A platform to basin transition model: the Lower Aptian carbonates (Shu’aiba) of the northeastern Jabal Akhdar (Sultanate of Oman). Sediment Geol 113:269–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. MATLAB User’s Guide (2013) Statistics toolbox. MATLAB CD-ROM. The Mathworks Inc,
  14. Maurer F, van Buchem FSP, Eberli GP, Pierson BJ, Raven MJ, Larsen PH, Al-Husseini MI, Vincent B (2013) Late Aptian long-lived glacio-eustatic lowstand recorded on the Arabian Plate. Terra Nova 25:87–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mehrabi H, Rahimpour-Bonab H (2014) Paleoclimate and tectonic controls on the depositional and diagenetic history of the Cenomanian—early Turonian carbonate reservoirs, Dezful Embayment, SW Iran. Facies 60:147–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mehrabi H, Rahimpour-Bonab H, Hajikazemi E, Esrafili-Dizaji B (2015) Geological reservoir characterization of the Lower Cretaceous Dariyan Formation (Shu’aiba equivalent) in the Persian Gulf, southern Iran. Marine Pet Geol 68:132–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mehrabi H, Rahimpour-Bonab H, Al-Aasm I, Hajikazemi E, Esrafili-Dizaji B, Dalvand M, Omidvar M (2018) Palaeo-exposure surfaces in the Aptian Dariyan Formation, offshore SW Iran: geochemistry and reservoir implications. J Pet Geol 41(4):467–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Naderi-Khujin M, Seyrafian A, Vaziri-Moghaddam H, Tavakoli V (2016) Characterization of the Late Aptian top-Dariyan disconformity surface, offshore SW Iran: a multi-proxy approach. J Pet Geol 39(3):269–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rahimpour-Bonab H, Mehrabi H, Navidtalab A, Izadi-Mazidi E (2012) Flow unit distribution and reservoir modeling in Cretaceous carbonates of the Sarvak Formation, Abteymour Oilfield, Dezful embayment, SW Iran. J Pet Geol 35:1–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rameil N, Immenhauser A, Csoma AE, Warrlich G (2012) Surfaces with a long history: the Aptian top Shu’aiba Formation unconformity, Sultanate of Oman. Sediment 59:212–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Scott RW (1990) Chronostratigraphy of the Cretaceous carbonate shelf, southeastern Arabia. In: Robertson AHF, Searle MP, Ries AC (eds) The geology and tectonics of the Oman region, vol 49. Geological Society London Special Publication, London, pp 89–108Google Scholar
  22. Sharland PR, Archer R, Casey DM, Davies RB, Hall SH, Heward AP, Horbury AD, Simmons MD (2001) Arabian Plate sequence stratigraphy. Geo-Arabia 2:1–371Google Scholar
  23. Skalinski M, Kenter JAM (2014) Carbonate petrophysical rock typing: integrating geological attributes and petrophysical properties while linking with dynamic behavior. In: Agar SM, Geiger S (eds) Fundamental controls on fluid flow in carbonates, vol 406. Geological Society London Special Publication, London, pp 229–259Google Scholar
  24. Tavakoli V, Jamalian M (2018) Microporosity evolution in Iranian reservoirs, Dalan and Dariyan Formations, the central Persian Gulf. J Natural Gas Sci Eng 52:155–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. van Buchem FSP, Razin P, Homewood PW, Oterdoom WH, Philip J (2002) High resolution sequence stratigraphic architecture of Barremian–Aptian carbonate systems in Northern Oman. GeoArabia 7:461–500Google Scholar
  26. van Buchem FSP, Al-Husseini MI, Maurer F, Droste HJ, Yose LA (2010) Sequence stratigraphic synthesis of the Barremian-Aptian of the eastern Arabian Plate and implications for the petroleum habitat. In: van Buchem FSP, Al-Husseini MI, Maurer F, Droste HJ (eds) Barremian-Aptian stratigraphy and hydrocarbon habitat of the eastern Arabian Plate, vol 1. GeoArabia Special Publication, Arabia, pp 9–48Google Scholar
  27. Yose LA, Ruf AS, Strohmenger CJ, Schuelke JS, Gombos A, Al-Hosani I, Al-Maskary S, Bloch G, Al-Mehairi Y, Johnson IG (2006) Three dimensional characterization of a heterogeneous carbonate reservoir, Lower Cretaceous, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates). In: Harris PM, Weber LJ (eds) Giant hydrocarbon reservoirs of the world: from rock to reservoir characterization and modeling, vol 88. AAPG Memoir, Abu Dhabi, pp 173–212Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamzeh Mehrabi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rasoul Ranjbar-Karami
    • 2
    • 3
  • Maryam Roshani-Nejad
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of SciencesShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  2. 2.School of Geology, College of ScienceUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.Pars Petro Zagros (PPZ) CompanyTehranIran

Personalised recommendations