Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 489–507 | Cite as

Biofacies, depositional model, and sequence stratigraphy of the Asmari Formation, Interior Fars sub-zone, Zagros Basin, SW Iran

  • Reza Sadeghi
  • Hossein Vaziri-Moghaddam
  • Ebrahim MohammadiEmail author
Original Article


To interpret the biofacies, depositional model, and sequence stratigraphy of the Asmari Formation in Western Interior Fars sub-zone, one stratigraphic section with 407 m was studied in Sefidar anticline. The studied area is located in Simply Folded Zagros Zone. The Asmari Formation in the studied section is Rupelian–Chattian (Oligocene) in age. The distribution of the Oligocene larger benthic foraminifera indicates that shallow marine carbonates of the Asmari Formation at the studied area deposited in the photic zone and oligo-mesotrophic conditions in tropical-to-subtropical waters. In this study, nine different microfacies were recognized, which are formed in lagoon, shoal, and open-marine sub-environments corresponding to inner and middle ramps. The lower parts of the Asmari Formation are dominated by lagoonal microfacies; in the middle parts, the open-marine microfacies are prevailed; and the upper parts are mainly deposited in lagoonal settings. Three third-order sequences were identified based on the deepening and shallowing patterns in microfacies and foraminifera distributions.


Asmari Formation Interior Fars Zagros Oligocene Larger benthic foraminifera Sequence stratigraphy 



The authors are indebted to two anonymous reviewers; their constructive comments, criticisms, and suggestions significantly improved the quality of this paper. The authors appreciate Dr. A. Taheri, Dr. A. Ghabeishavi, Dr. M. Ghaedi, H. Yazdani and H. Jahanzadeh for their constructive comments and suggestions during the study. We gratefully acknowledge the research funding provided for this study by the University of Isfahan and Tehran Payame Noor University.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reza Sadeghi
    • 1
  • Hossein Vaziri-Moghaddam
    • 2
  • Ebrahim Mohammadi
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of SciencesPayame Noor UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Geology, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of IsfahanIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Department of Ecology, Institute of Science, High Technology and Environmental ScienceGraduate University of Advanced TechnologyKermanIran

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