Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 539–556 | Cite as

High Resolution Urban Air Quality Modeling by Coupling CFD and Mesoscale Models: a Review

  • Rakesh KadaveruguEmail author
  • Asheesh Sharma
  • Chandrasekhar MatliEmail author
  • Rajesh Biniwale
Review Paper


According to World Health Organization, 9 out of 10 people breathe polluted air and the ambient air pollution accounts for nearly 4.2 million early deaths worldwide. There is an urgent need for scientific management of urban air systems. Mathematical modeling of air quality helps the researchers and urban authorities in devising scientific management plans for mitigation of the associated impacts. We present an organized review of the broad aspects related to urban air quality modeling such as – urban microclimate, geospatial data, chemical transport models, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models and integration of CFD and mesoscale models. The paper also discusses about the influence of urban land scape features on air quality, accuracy of emission inventory and model validation methods. The present review provides a vantage point to the researchers in the emerging field of high resolution urban air quality modeling for devising the location specific mitigation plans for the scientific management of the clean air.


Chemical transport models Computational fluid dynamics Numerical weather models Urbanization Urban air quality Urban micro-climate 



Atmospheric boundary layer


Atmospheric chemistry & climate model intercomparison project


Atmospheric infrared sounder


Aerosol optical depth


Application for extracting and exploring analysis ready samples


California puff model


CAMS (Copernicus atmosphere monitoring service)-Global-Biogenic emissions


Comprehensive air quality model with extensions


Carbon bond −5


Carbon bond mechanism version -Z


Computational fluid dynamics


Community multi-scale air quality model


Chemical transport model


Digital elevation model


Direct numerical simulation


Digital surface model


Emission database for global atmospheric research


Fast troposphere ultraviolet visible photolysis scheme


Global emissions initiative


Global ozone chemistry aerosol radiation and transport


Infrared atmospheric sounding interferometer


Inertial sub-layer


The Level-1 and atmosphere archive & distribution system


Large eddy simulation


Light detection and ranging


Level of detail


Land processes distributed active archive center


Modal aerosol dynamics model for europe




Model of emissions of gases and aerosols from nature


Multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer


Mesoscale model 5th generation


Moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer


Measurement of pollution in the troposphere


Model for simulating aerosol interactions and chemistry


The National aeronautics and space administration


Non-methane volatile organic compound


Ozone monitoring instrument


Open field operation and manipulation


Open street maps


Planetary boundary layer


Precursors of ozone and their effects in the troposphere


Regional atmospheric chemistry mechanism


Regional acid deposition model-2nd version


Reynolds averaged navier-stokes


Reanalysis of the TROpospheric chemical composition


Roughness sub-layer


Semi-implicit method for pressure linked eqs.


Surface layer


Secondary organic aerosol model


Simulation of URBAN Mobility


Tropospheric emission spectrometer


Turbulent kinetic energy


Urban boundary layer


Urban canopy layer


Urban canopy model


Urban heat island


Volatility basis set


World health organization


Weather research and forecast – chemistry



Authors wish to thank Director of CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur and Director of National Institute of Technology, Warangal for the support. Authors also acknowledge the NEERI’s KRC No.CSIR-NEERI/KRC/2018/JULY/CTMD/1.


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© Korean Meteorological Society and Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cleaner Technology and Modeling DivisionCSIR - National Environmental Engineering Research InstituteNagpurIndia
  2. 2.Water and Environment Division, Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyWarangalIndia

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