Translational Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 357–359 | Cite as

Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) position statement: SBM supports retaining healthy school lunch policies

  • Joanna Buscemi
  • Angela Odoms-Young
  • Amy L. Yaroch
  • Laura L. Hayman
  • Trina P. Robertson
  • Marian L. Fitzgibbon
Practice and Public Health Policies

Abstract

Schools are recognized as venues for population-based health promotion and chronic disease prevention initiatives targeting children, and the school food environment is a central component. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 utilized research-based findings and expert recommendations to significantly improve school lunch standards in the kindergarten to twelfth grade (K-12) setting to enhance the nutritional intake and ultimately the health of children. The new guidelines include increasing the availability of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables; requiring children to select a fruit or vegetable daily; and restricting serving sizes. There is currently no evidence that the revised standards have increased school lunch plate waste. However, there is evidence that children are consuming more healthful foods. The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) supports retaining current school lunch standards set by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. SBM also supports increasing the evidence-based by evaluating the implementation and impact of the school lunch revisions.

Keywords

School lunches Childhood obesity Health policy Prevention 

References

  1. 1.
    United States Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service. Fact sheet: National School Lunch Program. Available at www.fns.usda.gov/sites/default/files/NSLPFactSheet.pdf; 2013; Last accessed January 9, 2015.
  2. 2.
    Coleman-Jensen A, Gregory C, Singh A. Household food security in the United States in 2013. http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/err-economic-research-report/err173.aspx; 2014; Last accessed February 4, 2015.
  3. 3.
    United States Department of Agriculture. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Available at www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Governance/Legislation/CNR_2010.htm; 2013; Last accessed January 9, 2015.
  4. 4.
    United States Department of Agriculture and United States Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010. 2010th ed. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office; 2010.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    IOM (Institute of Medicine). School Meals: Building Blocks for Healthy Children. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2010.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nutrition standards in the national school lunch and school breakfast programs: final rule. US Department of Agriculture. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-26/html/2012-1010.htm. Published January 26, 2012. 77 Federal Registrar 17. 111th US Congress. Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act 2010, Public Law 111–296. Accessed January 9, 2015.
  7. 7.
    Cohen JFW, Richardson S, Parker E, et al. Impact of the new US Department of Agriculture school meal standards on food selection, consumption, and waste. Am J Prev Med. 2014; 46: 388-394.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Confessore N. How school lunch became the latest political battleground. New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/12/magazine/how-school-lunch-became-the-latest-political-battleground.html?_r=0; 2014; Last accessed February 4, 2015.
  9. 9.
    Gordon AR, Crepinsek MK, Briefel RR, Clark MA, Fox MK. The third School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study: summary and implications. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009; 109(suppl 2): S129-S135.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Johner NM. Evaluation’s vital role in healthier school meals. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009; 109(suppl 2): S18-S19.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Story M, Nanney MS, Schwartz MB. Schools and obesity prevention: creating school environments and policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity. Milbank Q. 2009; 87(1): 71-100.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Daniels D. Examining attendance, academic performance, and behavior in obese adolescents. J Sch Nurs. 2008; 24: 379-387.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Forestell CA, Mennella JA. Early determinants of fruit and vegetable acceptance. Pediatrics. 2009; 120: 1247-1254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wansink B, Just DR, Payne CR, Klinger MZ. Attractive names sustain increase vegetable intake in schools. Prev Med. 2012; 55: 330-332.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hanks AS, Just DR, Wansink B. Smarter lunchrooms can address new school lunchroom guidelines and childhood obesity. J Pediatr. 2013; 162: 867-869.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Schwartz MB, Henderson KE, Read M, Danna N, Ickovics JR. New school meal regulations increase fruit consumption and do not increase total plate waste. Child Obes. 2015. doi:10.1089/chi.2015.0019.
  17. 17.
    Woo Baidal JA. Protecting progress against childhood obesity—the National School Lunch Program. N Engl J Med. 2014; 371: 1862-1865.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Behavioral Medicine 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna Buscemi
    • 1
  • Angela Odoms-Young
    • 1
  • Amy L. Yaroch
    • 2
  • Laura L. Hayman
    • 3
  • Trina P. Robertson
    • 4
  • Marian L. Fitzgibbon
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Gretchen Swanson Center for NutritionOmahaUSA
  3. 3.University of Massachusetts BostonBostonUSA
  4. 4.Dairy Council of CaliforniaSacramentoUSA

Personalised recommendations