University Technology Transfer and Agricultural Science Entrepreneurial Education: a View from Inside

  • Andreas PanagopoulosEmail author
  • Stelios Rozakis
  • Katerina Sideri
  • Afroditi Anagnosti


Focusing on universities whose faculty has little understanding of technology transfer and the commercialization of academic research, we provide a case study of such a university and argue that even some elementary and indirect form of entrepreneurial training can positively affect faculty technology transfer. In light of the above, we seek to contribute to the literature exploring what makes technology transfer programs at Universities successful and our unique contribution lies on elucidating the link between university technology transfer and science and technology entrepreneurial education (STEE). To this effect, we discuss ways to develop integration processes among STEE and technology transfer offices.


Technology transfer Agricultural science Entrepreneurship Education University 



This research is partially funded from the Municipality of Athens grant “Innovation and Entrepreneurship – Valorization of Research by the Agricultural University of Athens”, reference no: 464052. Stelios Rozakis acknowledges financial support by the Widening Program ERA Chair: project BioEcon (H2020), contract number: 669092. The authors are grateful to Kyriakos Drivas for helpful advice on the quantitative analysis. The usual disclaimer applies.


  1. Agiakloglou, C., Drivas, K., & Karamanis, D. (2016). Individual inventors and market potentials: evidence from US patents. Science and Public Policy, 43(2), 147–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agrawal, A. (2006). Engaging the inventor: exploring licensing strategies for university inventions and the role of latent knowledge. Strategic Management Journal, 27(1), 63–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Azoulay, P., Ding, W., & Stuart, T. (2007). The determinants of faculty patenting behavior: demographics or opportunities? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 63(4), 599–623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bercovitz, J., & Feldman, M. (2008). Academic entrepreneurs: organizational change at the individual level. Organization Science, 19, 69–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bloom, N., Jones, C. I., Van Reenen, J., & Webb, M. (2017). Are ideas getting harder to find? (No. w23782). Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Boh, W. F., De-Haan, U., & Strom, R. (2016). University technology transfer through entrepreneurship: faculty and students in spinoffs. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 41(4), 661–669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Breznitz, S. M., Clayton, P. A., Defazio, D., & Isett, K. R. (2017). Have you been served? The impact of university entrepreneurial support on start-ups’ network formation. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 1–25.Google Scholar
  8. Charney, A., & Libecap, G. D. (2000). The impact of entrepreneurship education: an evaluation of the Berger Entrepreneurship Program at the University of Arizona, 1985–1999. Tucson: Karl Eller Center; University of Arizona.Google Scholar
  9. Colyvas, J. A., & Powell, W. W. (2006). Roads to institutionalization: the remaking of boundaries between public and private science. Research in Organizational Behavior, 27, 305–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Drivas, K., Balafoutis, A. T., & Rozakis, S. (2015). Research funding and academic output: evidence from the Agricultural University of Athens. Prometheus (United Kingdom), 33(3), 235–256.Google Scholar
  11. Drivas, K., Panagopoulos, A., & Rozakis, S. (2018). Instigating entrepreneurship to a university in an adverse entrepreneurial landscape. Journal of Technology Transfer, 43(4), 966–985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Etzkowitz, H. (2013). StartX and the ‘paradox of success’: filling the gap in Stanford’s entrepreneurial culture. Social Science Information., 52(4), 605–627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Geppert, M., & Clark, E. (2003). Knowledge and learning in transnational ventures: an actor-centred approach. Management Decision, 41(5), 433–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Grant, J., Ling, T., Potoglou, D., & Culley, D. (2011). A rapid review of the Greek research and development system. RAND Europe, Documented Briefing, Santa Monica CA.Google Scholar
  15. Haase, H., Lautenschläger, A. (2011). The 'Teachability Dilemma' of entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 7(2), 145–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Haeussler, C. (2011). Information-sharing in academia and the industry: a comparative study. Research Policy, 40(1), 105–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Johnson, G., Melin, L., & Whittington, R. (2003). Micro strategy and strategizing: towards an activity-based view. Journal of Management Studies, 40(1), 3–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lasrado, V., Sivo, S., Ford, C., O’Neal, T., & Garibay, I. (2016). Do graduated university incubator firms benefit from their relationship with university incubators? Journal of Technology Transfer, 41(2), 205–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mowery, D. C., & Sampat, B. N. (2004). Bayh-dole act of 1980 and university-industry technology transfer: a model for other OECD governments? The Journal of Technology Transfer, 30(1–2), 115–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Neck, H.M., Greene, P.G. (2011). Entrepreneurship Education: known worlds and new frontiers. Journal of Small Business Management, 49(1), 55–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Robinson, P. B., & Sexton, E. A. (1994). The effect of education and experience on self-employment success. Journal of Business Venturing, 9, 141–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sampat, B. N. (2009). The Bayh-Dole model in developing countries: reflections on the Indian bill on publicly funded intellectual property. UNCTAD-ICTSD project on IPRs and sustainable development-policy brief, (5).Google Scholar
  23. Shapin, S. (2008). The scientific life. A moral history of a late modern vocation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sideri, K., & Panagopoulos, A. (2018). Setting up a technology commercialization office at a non-entrepreneurial university: an insider’s look at practices and culture. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 43(4), 953–965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Siegel, D. S., & Phan, P. H. (2005). Analyzing the effectiveness of university technology transfer: implications for entrepreneurship education. In G. D. Libecap (Ed.), University entrepreneurship and technology transfer (advances in the study of entrepreneurship, innovation & economic growth) (Vol. 16, pp. 1–38). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. So, A. D., Sampat, B. N., Rai, A. K., Cook-Deegan, R., Reichman, J. H., Weissman, R., & Kapczynski, A. (2008). Is Bayh-Dole good for developing countries? Lessons from the US experience. PLoS Biology, 6(10), e262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Thursby, J., & Thursby, M. (2005). Gender patterns of research and licensing activity of science and engineering faculty. Journal of Technology Transfer, 30(4), 343–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Thursby, J., & Thursby, M. (2007). Patterns of research and licensing activity of science and engineering faculty. In Science and the university. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  29. Thursby, J. G., & Thursby, M. C. (2011). Faculty participation in licensing: implications for research. Research Policy, 40(1), 20–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Thursby, M., Thursby, J., & Gupta-Mukherjee, S. (2007). Are there real effects of licensing on academic research? A life cycle view. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 63(4), 577–598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Vekinis, G. (2016). The researcher entrepreneur: best practices for successful technological entrepreneurship, ISBN: 9789609380454.Google Scholar
  32. Vohora, A., Wright, M., & Lockett, A. (2004). Critical junctures in the development of university high-tech spinout companies. Research Policy, 33(1), 147–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wright, B. D., Drivas, K., Lei, Z., & Merrill, S. A. (2014). Technology transfer: industry-funded academic inventions boost innovation. Nature, 507(7492), 297–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Panagopoulos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stelios Rozakis
    • 2
    • 3
  • Katerina Sideri
    • 1
    • 4
  • Afroditi Anagnosti
    • 5
  1. 1.TECHNIS Research Group, and Department of EconomicsUniversity of CreteRethymnoGreece
  2. 2.Department of Bioeconomy and Systems Analysis, Institute of Soil Science and Plant CultivationState Research InstitutePulawyPoland
  3. 3.School of Environmental EngineeringTechnical University of CreteChaniaGreece
  4. 4.Bioethics InstituteUniversity of GhentGhentBelgium
  5. 5.Innovation and Entrepreneurship UnitAgricultural University of AthensAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations