Journal of the Knowledge Economy

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 397–421 | Cite as

Foreign Direct Investment, Trade, and Economic Growth in MENA Countries: Empirical Analysis Using ARDL Bounds Testing Approach

  • Maha KalaiEmail author
  • Nahed Zghidi


This article proposed to analyze the interrelationship between foreign direct investment (FDI), international trade, and economic growth for 15 selected Middle Eastern and North African countries over the period 1999–2012 using autoregressive distributed lag test as an approach to examine the cointegration and the vector error correction model. Our findings show that there exists a long-run unidirectional relationship running from FDI to economic growth in MENA countries. We also found that FDI can generate positive spillover externalities for the previously mentioned countries. This belief was also confirmed for the host countries. The results obtained about these countries could be compared to those of other developing countries, considered to be experienced in attracting FDI and trade liberalization. These empirical insights are of a particular interest to policymakers as they help build sound economic policies to ensure a sustainable development.


Economic growth FDI Trade MENA countries 

JEL classification

C23 F14 F21 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and Management of SfaxUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Commercial High School of SfaxUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia

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