Ecosystem carbon stock of a tropical mangrove forest in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
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Recent studies have highlighted the valuable role played by mangrove forests in carbon sequestration and storage. Although Indonesia accounts for a large proportion of global mangrove area, knowledge on the carbon stock and sources in the Indonesian mangrove is still limited. In this study, we quantified the ecosystem organic carbon (OC) stock and its spatial variation at an oceanic mangrove in Wori, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The sources of soil OC were also investigated. The results showed that the mangrove soil had a substantial OC stock containing 15.4 kg/m2 (calculated by carbon) in the top 50 cm soil, and represented the majority of the ecosystem OC stock at the Wori mangrove. The mangrove biomass and ecosystem OC stock were 8.3 kg/m2 and 23.7 kg/m2, respectively. There was no significantly difference in the soil OC stock among the stations with difference distances offshore, while the highest mangrove biomass OC stock was found at the seaward station. Isotope mixing calculations showed that the rich OC in mangrove soils was attributed to the accumulated autochthonous mangrove source while the suspended organic matter in tidal water and the mangrove-adjacent seagrass contributed less than 20% to the soil OC. The results further demonstrated the importances of the oceanic mangrove in carbon storage and the mangrove plants in contributing OC to their soils.
Key wordsmangrove carbon stock biomass soil stable isotopes Indonesia
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The authors are grateful to Asep Rasyidin, Mochtar Djabar and Liang Cuicui for their assistance with field sampling and laboratory analysis.
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