Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2019:11 | Cite as

Electroweak symmetric dark matter balls

  • Eduardo Pontón
  • Yang BaiEmail author
  • Bithika Jain
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


In the simple Higgs-portal dark matter model with a conserved dark matter number, we show that there exists a non-topological soliton state of dark matter. This state has smaller energy per dark matter number than a free particle state and has its interior in the electroweak symmetric vacuum. It could be produced in the early universe from first-order electroweak phase transition and contribute most of dark matter. This electroweak symmetric dark matter ball is a novel macroscopic dark matter candidate with an energy density of the electroweak scale and a mass of 1 gram or above. Because of its electroweak-symmetric interior, the dark matter ball has a large geometric scattering cross section off a nucleon or a nucleus. Dark matter and neutrino experiments with a large-size detector like Xenon1T, BOREXINO and JUNO have great potential to discover electroweak symmetric dark matter balls. We also discuss the formation of bound states of a dark matter ball and ordinary matter.


Beyond Standard Model Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM 


Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICTP South American Institute for Fundamental Research & Instituto de Física TeóricaUniversidade Estadual PaulistaSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonU.S.A.

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