Advertisement

Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 65–73 | Cite as

Nitrogen Uptake and Utilization Efficiency of Malting Barley as Influenced by Variety and Nitrogen Level

  • Meharie KassieEmail author
  • Kindie Fanataye
Research Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Nitrogen (N) is the primary driver of crop production and it is heavily used in modern agriculture to maximize yield. However, the effectiveness with which N is used by cereals has become increasingly important because of both financial and environmental costs to N fertilization. The aims of this study were to determine the effects of N fertilization rate, variety, and growing season on grain yield, N uptake, and N-efficiency traits of malting barley at Bekoji, southeastern Ethiopia. The treatments studied were five N levels (0, 23, 46, 69, and 92 kg ha-1) and two malting barley varieties (Miscal-21 and Holker) over three seasons (2012, 2013, and 2014). The results showed that as N rates increased, malting barley grain yield, grain, straw, and total N uptakes increased, but N-harvest index, N-use efficiency, N-recovery efficiency, and N-utilization efficiency decreased. Grain yield, grain, and total N uptake, N-harvest index, N-use efficiency, N-recovery efficiency, and N-utilization efficiency were greater in Miscal-21, whilst straw N uptake were greater in Holker. Grain yield, grain, straw, and total N uptake, N-recovery efficiency, and N-harvest index were greater in 2012 than in 2013 and 2014, but growing season had no effect on N-use efficiency and N-utilization efficiency. Grain yield was positively correlated with N-efficiency traits, but the role of N-recovery efficiency in enhancing grain yield was larger than the role of N-utilization efficiency.

Key words

Barley grain yield nitrogen fertilizer trait relationship 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abeledo LG, Calderini DF, Slafer GA. 2008. Nitrogen economy in old and modern malting barleys. Field Crops Res. 106: 171–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agegnehu G, Lakew B, Nelson PN. 2014. Cropping sequence and nitrogen fertilizer effects on the productivity and quality of malting barley and soil fertility in the Ethiopian highlands. Arch. Agron. Soil Sci. 60: 1261–1275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Agegnehu G, Nelson PN, Bird MI. 2016. The effects of biochar, compost and their mixture and nitrogen fertilizer on yield and nitrogen use efficiency of barley grown on a Nitisol in the highlands of Ethiopia. Sci. Total Environ. xxx, 1-11Google Scholar
  4. Anbessa Y, Juskiw P. 2012. Nitrogen fertilizer rate and cultivar interaction effects on nitrogen recovery, utilization efficiency, and agronomic performance of spring barley. ISRN Agron. 531647: 1–8Google Scholar
  5. Anbessa Y, Juskiw P, Good A, Nyachiro J, Helm J. 2009. Genetic variability in nitrogen use efficiency of spring barley. Crop Sci. 49: 1259–1269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barraclough PB, Howarth JR, Jones J, Lopez-Bellido R, Parmar S, Shepherd CE, Hawkesford MJ. 2010. Nitrogen efficiency of wheat: genotypic and environmental variation and prospects for improvement. Eur. J. Agron. 33: 1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beatty PH, Anbessa Y, Juskiw P, Carroll RT, Wang J, Good AG. 2010. Nitrogen use efficiencies of spring barley grown under varying nitrogen conditions in the field and growth chamber. Ann. Bot. 105: 661–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bingham IJ, Karley AJ, White PJ, Thomas WTB, Russell JR. 2012. Analysis of improvements in nitrogen use efficiency associated with 75 years of spring barley breeding. Eur. J. Agron. 42: 49–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Broadley MR, Seginer I, Burns A, Escobar-GutieÂrrez AJ, Burns IG, White PJ. 2003. The nitrogen and nitrate economy of butterhead lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. capitata L.). J. Exp. Bot. 54: 2081–2090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cassman KG, Dobermann A, Walters DT. 2002. Agroecosystems, nitrogen-use efficiency, and nitrogen management. Ambio: J. Human Environ. 31: 132–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Conley DJ, Paerl, HW, Howarth, RW. 2009. Controlling eutrophication: nitrogen and phosphorus. Science 323: 1014–1015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fageria NK. 2014. Nitrogen harvest index and its association with crop yields. J. Plant Nutr. 37: 795–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Foulkes MJ, Gaju O, Allard V, Martre P, Snape JW et al. 2011. Identification of traits to improve the nitrogen-use efficiency of wheat genotypes. Field Crops Res. 123: 139–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Galloway JN, Townsend AR, Erisman JW. 2008. Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: recent trends, questions, and potential solutions. Science 320: 889–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gastal F, Lemaire G, Durand JL, Louarn G. 2015. Quantifying crop responses to nitrogen and avenues to improve nitrogenuse efficiency, In: VO Sadras, DF Calderini, eds, Crop Physiology: Applications for Genetic Improvement and Agronomy, Ed2, Elsevier, United States of America, pp 161–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Isfan D. 1993. Genetic variability for physiological efficiency index of nitrogen in oats. Plant Soil 154: 53–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. MBPM (Malting Barley Production in Michigan). 2014. Michigan State University, MichiganGoogle Scholar
  18. May L, Van Sanford DA, MacKown CT, Cornelius PL. 1991. Genetic variation for nitrogen use in soft red x hard red winter wheat population. Crop Sci. 31: 626–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Moll RH, Kamprath EJ, Jackson W. 1982. Analysis and interpretation of factors which contribute to efficiency of nitrogen utilization. Agron. J. 74: 562–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. O’Donovan JT, Anbessa Y, Grant CA, Macleod AL, Edney MJ et al. 2015. Relative responses of new malting barley cultivars to increasing nitrogen rates in western Canada. Can. J. Plant Sci. 95: 831–839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. O’Donovan JT, Turkington TK, Edney MJ, Clayton GW, McKenzie RH et al. 2011. Seeding rate, nitrogen rate and cultivar effects on malting barley production. Agron. J. 103: 709–716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ortiz-Monasterio RJI, Sayre KD, Rajaram S, McMahon M. 1997. Genetic progress in wheat yield and nitrogen use efficiency under four nitrogen rates. Crop Sci. 37: 898–904CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rakotoson T, Dusserre J, Letourmy P, Ramonta IR, Cao T, Ramanantsoanirina A, Roumet P, Ahmadi N, Raboin L. 2017. Genetic variability of nitrogen use efficiency in rainfed upland rice. Field Crops Res. 213: 194–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Richards RA, Rebetzke GJ, Condon AG, Van Herwaarden AF. 2002. Breeding opportunities for increasing the efficiency of water use and crop yield in temperate cereals. Crop Sci. 42: 111–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sainju UM, Lenssen AW, Barsotti LJ. 2013. Dryland malt barley yield and quality affected by tillage, cropping sequence and nitrogen fertilization. Agron. J. 105: 329–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sainju UM, Stevens WB, Caesar-Ton T, Iversen WM. 2015. Malt barley yield and quality affected by irrigation, tillage, crop rotation, and nitrogen fertilization. Agron. J. 107: 2107–2119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. SAS Institute Inc. 2007. SAS/STAT User’s Guide. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USAGoogle Scholar
  28. Sinclair TR. 1998. Historical changes in harvest index and crop nitrogen accumulation. Crop Sci. 38: 638–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sinebo W, Gretzmacher R, Edelbauer A. 2004. Genotypic variation for nitrogen use efficiency in Ethiopian barley. Field Crops Res. 85: 43–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Singh U, Ladha JK, Castillo EG, Punzalan G, Tirol-Padre A, Duqueza M. 1998. Genotypic variation in nitrogen use efficiency in medium- and long-duration rice. Field Crops Res. 58: 35–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sylvester-Bradley R, Kindred DR. 2009. Analyzing nitrogen responses of cereals to prioritize routes to the improvement of nitrogen use efficiency. J. Exp. Bot. 60: 1939–1951CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Thorburn PJ, Meier EA, Probert ME. 2005. Modelling nitrogen dynamics in sugarcane systems: recent advances and applications. Field Crops Res. 92: 337–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vahamidis P, Stefopoulou A, Kotoulas V, Lyra D, Dercas D, Economou G. 2017. Yield, grain size, protein content and water use efficiency of null-LOX malt barley in a semiarid Mediterranean agroecosystem. Field Crops Res. 206: 115–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Van Sanford DA, MacKown CT. 1986. Variation in nitrogen use efficiency among soft red winter wheat genotypes. Theoret. Appl. Genet. 72: 158–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arsi University, College of Agriculture and Environmental SciencesAsellaEthiopia
  2. 2.International Wheat and Maize improvement Center (CIMMYT)Addis AababaEthiopia

Personalised recommendations