Advertisement

Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 21–29 | Cite as

Uni- and Multi-Variate Assessment of Drought Response Yield Indices in 10 Wheat Cultivars

  • Bardees MickkyEmail author
  • Heshmat Aldesuquy
  • Mustafa Elnajar
Research Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a major cereal with its productivity being highly affected by drought. In the current study, 10 wheat cultivars were evaluated for their grain yield under well-watered (Yp) and drought (Ys) conditions. Various drought response indices (mean productivity (MP), geometric productivity (GMP), tolerance index (TOL), stress susceptibility index (SSI), stress tolerance index (STI), harmonic mean of yield (HARM), yield stability index (YSI), relative drought index (RDI), two drought resistance indices (DRI1 and DRI2), yield reduction ratio (YRR) and yield index (YI)) were determined to identify high-yielding and drought tolerant cultivars. Spearman’s correlation coefficient among the estimated indices, hierarchical clustering of the concerned cultivars as well as principle component analysis (PCA) of both the indices and cultivars were employed. Wheat cultivars Sids 13 and Gemmeiza 11 were superior while Sakha 94 and Shandaweel 1 were inferior depending upon their Yp, Ys and drought response indices. Also, a non-significant positive correlation was recorded between Yp and Ys of the studied cultivars with GMP, STI and HARM being significantly correlated with both Yp and Ys. Based on PCA, Yp and Ys explained 61.6 and 38.1% of the total variation; respectively. Furthermore, cluster analysis sequestered the concerned cultivars into drought susceptible cultivars (Shandaweel 1, Giza 168 and Gemmeiza 11), drought moderate ones (Misr 2, Sakha 93 and Sakha 94) and drought tolerant ones (Misr 1, Sids 13, Gemmeiza 9 and Sids 12) based on the mean values of YSI, RDI, TOL, SSI and YRR within each group.

Key words

Wheat drought yield response indices correlation principle component analysis cluster analysis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbasi A, Shekari F, Mustafavi SH. 2015. Effect of paclobutrazol and salicylic acid on antioxidants enzyme activity in drought stress in wheat. IDESIA (Arica) 33: 5–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abd El-Mohsen AA, Abd El-Shafi MA, Gheith EMS, Suleiman HS. 2015. Using different statistical procedures for evaluating drought tolerance indices of bread wheat genotypes. Adv. Agric. Biol. 4: 19–30Google Scholar
  3. Abdolshahi R, Omidi M, Talei AR, Yazdi Samadi B. 2010. Evaluation of bread wheat genotypes for drought tolerance. EJCP, 3: 159–171Google Scholar
  4. Abebe A, Girma E. 2017. Historical development and practical application of correlation and path coefficient analysis in agriculture. J. Nat. Sci. Res. 7: 43–49Google Scholar
  5. Anwar J, Subhani GM, Hussain M, Ahmad J, Hussain M, Munir M. 2011. Drought tolerance indices and their correlation with yield in exotic wheat genotypes. Pak. J. Bot. 43: 1527–1530Google Scholar
  6. Betran FJ, Beck D, Banziger M, Edmeades GO. 2003. Genetic analysis of inbred and hybrid grain yield under stress and non-stress environments in tropical maize. Crop Sci. 43: 807–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bouslama M, Schapaugh WT. 1984. Stress tolerance in soybean. I. Evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance. Crop Sci. 24: 933–937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dadbakhsh A, YazdanSepas A. 2011. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices for screening bread wheat genotypes in end-season drought stress conditions. Adv. Environ. Biol. 5: 1040–1045Google Scholar
  9. Drikvand R, Doosty B, Hosseinpour T. 2012. Response of rainfed wheat genotypes to drought stress using drought tolerance indices. J. Agr. Sci. 4: 126–131Google Scholar
  10. Farshadfar E, Jalali S, Saeidi M. 2012. Introduction of a new selection index for improvement of drought tolerance in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Euro. J. Exp. Bio. 2: 1181–1187Google Scholar
  11. Fernandez GCJ. 1992. Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. In: Proc, of the Int. Symp. On adaptation of vegetables and other food crops in temperature and water stress. Taiwan: 257-270Google Scholar
  12. Fischer RA, Maurer R. 1978. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars. I. Grain yield responses. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 29: 897–912CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fischer RA, Wood JT. 1979. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars. III. Yield associations with morpho-physiological traits. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 30: 1001–1020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gavuzzi P, Rizza F, Palumbo M, Campaline RG, Ricciardi GL, Borghi B. 1997. Evaluation of field and laboratory predictors of drought and heat tolerance in winter cereals. Can. J. Plant Sci. 77: 523–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gholipouri A, Sedghi M, Sharifi RS, Nazari NM. 2009. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices and their relationship with grain yield in wheat cultivars. Recent Res. Sci. Technol. 1: 195–198Google Scholar
  16. Golabadi M, Arzani A, Maibody SAM. 2006. Assessment of drought tolerance in segregating populations in durum wheat. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 5: 162–171Google Scholar
  17. Golestani-Araghi S, Assad MT. 1998. Evaluation of four screening techniques for drought resistance and their relationship to yield reduction ratio in wheat. Euphytica 103: 293–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jafari AA, Paknejad F, Jamial-Ahmadi M. 2009. Evaluation of selection indices for drought tolerance of corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Int. J. Plant. Prot. 3: 33–38Google Scholar
  19. Karimizadeh R, Mohammadi M, Ghaffaripour S, Karimpour F, Shefazadeh MK. 2011. Evaluation of physiological screening techniques for drought-resistant breeding of durum wheat genotypes in Iran. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 10: 12107–12117Google Scholar
  20. Kristin AS, Senra RR, Perez FI, Enriquez BC, Gallegos JAA, Vallego PR, Wassimi N, Kelley JD. 1997. Improving common bean performance under drought stress. Crop Sci. 37: 43–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lan J. 1998. Comparison of evaluating methods for agronomic drought resistance in crops. Acta Agric. Boreali-occidentalis Sinica 7: 85–87Google Scholar
  22. Mickky BM, Aldesuquy HS. 2017. Impact of osmotic stress on seedling growth observations, membrane characteristics and antioxidant defense system of different wheat genotypes. Egypt. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 4: 47–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mitra J. 2001. Genetics and genetic improvement of drought resistance in crop plants. Curr. Sci. 80: 758–762Google Scholar
  24. Mohammadi S, Janmohammadi M, Javanmard A, Sabaghnia N, Rezaie M, Yezdansepas A. 2012. Assessment of drought tolerance indices in bread wheat genotypes under different sowing dates. Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova 151: 25–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nouraein M, Mohammadi SA, Aharizad S, Moghaddam M, Sadeghzadeh B. 2013. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices in wheat recombinant inbred line population. Ann. Bio. Res. 4: 113–122Google Scholar
  26. Nouri A, Etminan A, Jaime A, Silva TD, Mohammadi R. 2011. Assessment of yield, yield related traits and drought tolerance of durum wheat genotypes (Triticum turjidumvar. durum Desf.). Aust. J. Crop Sci. 5: 8–16Google Scholar
  27. Rosielle AA, Hamblin J. 1981. Theoretical aspect of selection for yield in stress and non-stress environment. Crop Sci. 21: 943–946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sajjad M, Khan SH, Abdus Salam Khan A. 2011. Exploitation of germplasm for grain yield improvement in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Int. J. Agric. Biol. 13: 695–700Google Scholar
  29. Singh S, Sengar RS, Kulshreshtha N, Datta D, Tomar RS, Rao VP, Garg D, Ojha A. 2015. Assessment of multiple tolerance indices for salinity stress in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J. Agr. Sci. 7: 49–57Google Scholar
  30. Sio-Se Mardeh A, Ahmadi A, Poustini K, Mohammadi V. 2006. Evaluation of drought resistance indices under various environmental conditions. Field Crop Res. 98: 222–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tricker PJ, ElHabti A, Schmidt J, Fleury D. 2018. The physiological and genetic basis of combined drought and heat tolerance in wheat. J. Exp. Bot. 69: 3195–3210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. USDA. 2017. World agricultural production. Washington, DC, USA: United States Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural ServiceGoogle Scholar
  33. Yan W, Rajcan I. 2002. Biplot analysis of test sites and trait relations of soybean in Ontario. Crop Sci. 42: 11–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang J, Zhang S, Cheng M, Jiang H, Zhang X, Peng C, Lu X, Zhang M, Jin J. 2018. Effect of drought on agronomic traits of rice and wheat: A meta-analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public. Health, 15: 839CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bardees Mickky
    • 1
    Email author
  • Heshmat Aldesuquy
    • 1
  • Mustafa Elnajar
    • 1
  1. 1.Botany Department, Faculty of ScienceMansoura UniversityMansouraEgypt

Personalised recommendations