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Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 407–416 | Cite as

Morphological, Physiological, and Biochemical Responses to Water Stress in Melon (Cucumis melo) Subjected to Regulated Deficit Irrigation (RDI) and Partial Rootzone Drying (PRD)

  • Mouna LamaouiEmail author
  • Abdelghani Chakhchar
  • Youssef EL Kharrassi
  • Said Wahbi
  • Cherkaoui El Modafar
Research Article
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the impact of two water-saving techniques, Regulated Deficit Irrigation (RDI) and Partial Rootzone Drying (PRD) was investigated by comparing their impact on the behavior of three melon varieties (Cucumis melo), Galia, Jucar, and DRG. The morphological, physiological, and biochemical responses to the deficit irrigation systems were considered. The results show that both PRD and RDI constraints increase the plants water-use efficiency without impairing plants’ vegetative growth. These treatments reduced the leaf water content and the stomatal conductance without any significant leaf expansion under the water restriction pressure. An increase in the peroxidase activity was recorded under both treatments without having any influence on the activity of polyphenol oxidase. Besides, the application of both treatments had no significant effect on phenolic compounds compared to the well-watered plants. PRD-treated Galia plants had better results. These results provide useful knowledge on efficient irrigation and water management systems for melon fruit tree cultivation, in particular in a water-limited environment.

Key words

Partial root-zone drying water-use efficiency regulated deficit irrigation water deficit Cucumis melo 

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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Crop Science (KSCS) and Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mouna Lamaoui
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Abdelghani Chakhchar
    • 1
  • Youssef EL Kharrassi
    • 2
  • Said Wahbi
    • 3
  • Cherkaoui El Modafar
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biotechnologie et Bio-ingénierie Moléculaire, Faculté des Sciences et TechniquesUniversité Cadi AyadGuéliz, MarrakechMaroc
  2. 2.AgroBioSciences DivisionMohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P)BenguérirMorocco
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Biotechnologie et Physiologies des Plantes, Faculté des Sciences SemlaliaUniversité Cadi AyadMarrakechMaroc

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