Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Evaluation of Drought Tolerance in Tef [Eragrostis Tef (Zucc.) Trotter] Genotypes Using Drought Tolerance Indices

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to identify drought tolerant, high yielding and stable tef genotypes using drought tolerance indices. Sixty-four tef genotypes were evaluated under drought and non-stress conditions using “8 × 8 simple lattice design” with two replications at Debre-Zeit Agricultural Research Center. Drought tolerance indices including drought susceptibility index (SSI), drought tolerance index (STI), geometric mean productivity (GMP), mean productivity (MP), yield index (YI), yield stability index (YSI), drought resistance index (DRI), abiotic tolerance index (ATI), stress susceptibility percentage index (SSPI), harmonic mean (HM) were estimated from grain yield under drought (Ys) and non-stress (Yp) conditions. Highest grain yields in both drought and normal watering conditions were recorded for genotype Melko. Based on drought tolerant indices the highest values of STI, GMP, and MP were related to genotypes Melko, Etsub, and Ziquala. Correlation analysis revealed that grain yield was positively and significantly correlated with STI, GMP, MP, YI, DRI, and HM, indicating that these indices were more important for screening stress-tolerant tef genotypes. Principal component analysis indicated that the first two components accounted for more than 98% of the total variations. The first PC contributed for 67.9% of the variation with strong presence of STI, GMP, MP, YI, DRI, HM, Ys, and Yp. Biplot analysis also indicated the STI, GMP, MP, YI, DRI, and HM were more reliable indices to identify drought tolerant tef genotypes. Cluster analysis grouped the 64 tef genotypes into seven clusters. The study showed that selection based on indices which exhibited significant and positive coordination with Ys and Yp are more reliable parameters for breeders to use in the tef improvement program.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Abraha M, Hussien S, Laing M, Assefa K. 2016. Performance of tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] genotypes for yield and yield components under drought stressed and non-stressed conditions. Crop Sci. 56(4): 1799–1806

  2. Aliakbari M, Razi H, Kazemeini A. 2014. Evaluation of drought tolerance in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivars using drought tolerance indices. Int.J. Adv. Biol. Biomed. Res. 2(3): 696–705

  3. Ashraf A, El-Mohse A, Abd El Shafi MA, Gheith EM, Suleiman HS. 2015. Using different statistica procedures for evaluating drought tolerance indices of bread wheat genotypes. Adv.Agric. Biol. 4(1): 19–30

  4. Ashraf M. 2010. Inducing drought tolerance in plants: recent advances. Biotechnol.Adv. 28: 169–183

  5. Assefa K, Cannarozzi G, Girma D, Kamies R, Chanyalew S, Plaza-Wüthrich S, Blösch R, Rindisbacher A, Rafudeen S, Tadele Z. 2015. Genetic diversity in tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter]. Front. Plant Sci. 6: 1–13

  6. Bouslama M, Schapaugh WT. 1984. Stress tolerance in soybean: evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance. Crop Sci. 24: 933–937

  7. Bruce WB, Edmeades GO, Barker TC. 2002. Molecular and physiological approaches to maize improvement for drought tolerance. J.Exp. Bot. 53(366): 13–25

  8. CSA. 2017. Central Statistics Agency Agricultural Sample Survey Report on Area and Production of Major Crops (Private peasant holdings “meher” season), Volume I, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia

  9. Dargo F. 2013. Genetic gain in grain yield potential and associated traits of tef [Eragrostis tef (zucc.) trotter] in Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University Ethiopia, 104 pp

  10. Degu H, Ohta M, Fujimura T. 2008. Drought tolerance of Eragrostis tef and development of roots. Int.J. Plant Sci. 169: 768–775

  11. Dehbalaei S, Farshadfar E, Farshadfar M. 2013. Assessment of drought tolerance in bread wheat genotypes based on resistance/ tolerance indices. Int.J. Agric. Crop Sci. 5(20): 2352–2358

  12. Farshadfar E, Elyasi P. 2012. Screening quantitative indicators of drought tolerance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) landraces. Euro. J. Exp. Biol. 2(3): 577–584

  13. Farshadfar E, Jamshidi B, Aghaee M. 2012. Biplot analysis of drought tolerance indicators in bread wheat landraces of Iran. Int.J. Agric. Crop Sci. 4: 226–233

  14. Farshadfar E, Poursiahbidi MM, Safavi SM. 2013. Assessment of drought tolerance in land races of bread wheat based on resistance/ tolerance indices. Int.J. Adv. Biol. Biomed. Res. 1: 143–158

  15. Farshadfar E, Rasoli V, Teixeira da Silva JA, Farshadfar M. 2011. Inheritance of drought tolerance indicators in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) using a diallel technique. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 5(7): 870–878

  16. Fernandez GCJ. 1992. Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Adaptation of Vegetables and other Food Crops in Temperature and Water Stress. Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre, Shanhua, Taiwan, pp: 257–270

  17. Fischer RA, Maurer R. 1978. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars. I.Grain yield response. Aust.J. Agri. Res. 29: 897–912

  18. Gavuzzi P, Rizza F, Palumbo M, Campaline RG, Ricciardi GL, Borghi B. 1997. Evaluation of field and laboratory predictors of drought and heat tolerance in winter cereals. Can.J. Plant Sci. 77(4): 523–531

  19. Ghasemi M, Farshandfar E. 2015. Screening drought tolerant genotypes in wheat using multivariate and stress tolerance score methods. Int.J. Biol. Sci. 6(1): 326–333

  20. Golabadi M, Arzani A, Maibody SA. 2006. Assessment of drought tolerance in segregating populations in durum wheat. Afr.J. Agric. Res. 5: 162–171

  21. Ilker E, Tatar O, Aykut Tonk F, Tosun M, Turk J. 2011. Determination of tolerance level of some wheat genotypes to post-anthesis drought. Turk. J. Field Crops 16(1): 59–63

  22. IPCC 2007. Climate change: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability: contribution of Working Group II to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK

  23. Jafari AA, Paknejad F, Jamial-Ahmadi M. 2009. Evaluation of selection indices for drought tolerance of corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Int. J. Plant Pro. 3: 33–38

  24. Jalilvandy A, Rozrokh M. 2013. Assessment of drought tolerance indices in wheat genotypes. Int.J. Agric. Crop Sci. 6(7): 370–37

  25. Kaya Y, Topal R, Gonulal AE, Arisoy RZ. 2002. Factor analyses of yield traits in genotypes of durum wheat (Triticum durum L. var. durum Desf). Agric. J. India Sci. 72: 301–303

  26. Khalilzade GH, Karbalai-Khiavi H. 2002. Investigation of drought and heat stress on advanced lines of durum wheat. Seventh Iranian Congress of Agronomy and Plant Breeding. Agricultural Education Publishing. Gilan, Iran, pp: 563–564

  27. Kirigiwi FM, Van Ginkel M, Trethowan R, Sears RG, Rajaram S, Paulsen GM. 2004. Evaluation of selection strategies for wheat adaption across water regimes. Euphytica 13: 361–371

  28. Kristin AS, Serna RR, Perez FI, Enriquez BC, Gallegos JA. 1997. Improving common bean performance under drought stress. Crop Sci. 37: 51–60

  29. Lan J. 1998. Comparison of evaluating methods for agronomic drought resistance in crops. Acta Agric. Bor-Occid. Sin. 7: 85–87

  30. Menezes CB, Ticona-Benavente CA, Tardin FD, Cardoso MJ, Bastos EA, Nogueira DW, Portuga AF, Santos CV, Schaffert RE. 2014. Selection indices to identify drought-tolerant grain sorghum cultivars. Genet.Mol. Res. 13(4): 9817–9827

  31. Mitra J. 2001. Genetics and genetic improvement of drought resistance in crop plants. Curr.Sci. 80: 758–762

  32. Mohammadi M, Karimizadeh F, Abdipour M. 2011. Evaluation of drought tolerance in bread wheat genotypes under dry land and supplemental irrigation conditions. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 5: 487–493

  33. Mohammadi R, Armion M, Kahrizi D, Amri A. 2010. Efficiency of screening techniques for evaluating durum wheat genotypes under mild drought conditions. J.Plant Prod. 4: 11–24

  34. Mohammadi R. 2016. Efficiency of yield-based drought tolerance indices to identify tolerant genotypes in durum wheat. Euphytica 211(1): 71–89

  35. Moosavi SS, Yazdi-Samadi B, Naghavi MR Zali AA, Dashti H, Pourshahbazi A. 2008. Introduction of new indices to identify relative drought tolerance and resistance in wheat genotypes. Desert 12: 165–178

  36. Mursalova J, Akparov Z, Ojaghi J, Eldarov M, Belen S, Gummadov N, Morgounov A. 2015. Evaluation of drought tolerance of winter bread wheat genotypes under drip irrigation and rain-fed conditions. Turk.J. Agric. For. 39: 1–8

  37. Naghavi MR, Pouraboughadareh R, Khalili M. 2013. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices for screening some of corn (Zea mays L.) cultivars under environmental conditions. Not.Sci. Biol. 5: 388–393

  38. Nouri A, Etminan A, Jaime A, Teixeira S, Mohammadi R. 2011. Assessment of yield, yield-related traits and drought tolerance of durum wheat genotypes (Triticum turjidum var. durum Desf). Aust. J. Crop Sci. 5: 8–16

  39. Plaza-Wüthrich S, Blösch R, Tadele Z. 2015. Efficiency of In Vitro Regeneration is Dependent on the Genotype and Size of Explant in Tef [Eragrostis tef(Zucc.) Trotter]. Adv. Crop Sci. Tech. 3(3): 1–7

  40. Richards RA, Rebetzke GJ, Condon AG, Herwaarden AF. 2002. Breeding opportunities for increasing the efficiency of water use and crop yield in temperate cereals. Crop Sci. 42: 111–121

  41. Rosielle AA, Hamblin J. 1981. Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non- stress environment. Crop.Sci. 21: 943–946

  42. Sanjari PA, Yazdansepas A. 2008. Evaluation of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under pre and post anthesis drought stress conditions. J.Agr. Sci. Tech. 10: 109–121

  43. SAS. 2004. SAS guide for personal computers, file version 9.1. SAS Institute, Kary, NC, USA

  44. Schneider KA, Rosales-Serna R, Ibarra-Perez F, Cazares-Enriquez B, Acosta-Gallegos JA, Ramirez-Vallejo P, Wassimi N, Kelly JD. 1997. Improving common bean performance under drought stress. Crop Sci. 37: 43–50

  45. Shiferaw W, Balcha A, Mohammed H. 2012. Genetic variation for grain yield and yield related traits in tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.)Trotter] under moisture stress and non-stress environments. Am. J. Plant Sci. 3: 1041–1046

  46. Sio-Se M, Ahmadi A, Poustini K, Mohammadi V. 2006. Evaluation of drought resistance indices under various environmental conditioning. Field Crops Res. 98: 222–229

  47. Subhani GM, Abdullah J, Ahmad J, Anwar J, Hussain M, Mahmood A. 2015. Identification of drought tolerant genotypes of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) through stress tolerance indices. J.Anim. Plant Sci. 25(3): 686–692

  48. Talebi R, Fayaz F, Naji AM. 2009. Effective selection criteria for assessing drought stress tolerance in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf). Gen. Appl. Plant Physiol. 35: 64–74

  49. Toorchi M, Naderi AM, Kanbar A, Shakiba MR. 2012. Response of spring canola cultivars to sodium chloride stress. Ann.Biol. Res. 2(5): 312–322

  50. Wassmann R, Jagadish SVK, Heuer S, Ismail A, Redona E, Serraj R Singh RK, Howell G, Pathak H, Sumfleth K. 2009. Climate change affecting rice production: the physiological and agronomic basis for possible adaptation strategies. Adv.Agron. 101: 59–122

  51. Yasir TA, Chen X, Tian L, Condon AG, Hu Y. 2013. Screening of Chinese bread wheat genotypes under two water regimes by various drought tolerance indices. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 7(13): 2005–2013

  52. Yousefi B. 2015. Evaluation of genetic variations for drought tolerance in some advance lines of barley (Hordeum vulgar L.). Int. J. Food Allied Sci. 4(3): 177–184

  53. Zare M. 2012. Evaluation of drought tolerance indices for the selection of Iranian barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 11(93): 15975–15981

  54. Zeinali-Khanghah H, Izanlo A, Hosseinzadeh A, Majnoun-Hosseini N. 2004. Determining of appropriate drought resistance indices in imported soybean cultivars. Iran J. Agri.Sci. 354: 875–885

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Brikti Ferede.

Additional information

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ferede, B., Mekbib, F., Assefa, K. et al. Evaluation of Drought Tolerance in Tef [Eragrostis Tef (Zucc.) Trotter] Genotypes Using Drought Tolerance Indices. J. Crop Sci. Biotechnol. 23, 107–115 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12892-018-0035-0

Download citation

Key words

  • Biplot
  • cereal
  • correlation
  • cluster analysis
  • Ethiopia
  • principal component analysis