One-Pot Synthesis of Highly Efficient Carbon-Supported Polyhedral Pt3Ni Alloy Nanoparticles for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

  • Yongqiang Liu
  • Hongming Chen
  • Chongchong Tian
  • Dongsheng GengEmail author
  • Dawei WangEmail author
  • Siriguleng BaiEmail author
Original Research


The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) properties were intensely affected by the facet of electrocatalysts. For example, (111) facet of Pt3Ni alloy has been proved to have excellent ORR electrocatalytic activity. Therefore, it could be very important to synthesize Pt3Ni nanocrystals with large proportion of (111) facet. However, most reported Pt3Ni polyhedron bound by (111) facets were synthesized using capping agents like oleylamine and oleic acid. These organic ligands will hinder the intrinsic ORR performance of catalyst and require tedious process to remove. Here, we report a one-pot synthesis of capping agents free for polyhedron Pt3Ni alloy nanoparticles on carbon (Pt3Ni/C) with large proportion of Pt3Ni (111) facets. The electrocatalysts achieved an enhancement of 224% in mass activity and 8.7-fold specific activity towards ORR in comparison with commercial Pt/C catalyst. The present study provides a simple method for designing highly efficient Pt alloy electrocatalysts.

Graphical Abstract

A one-pot process of capping agents free was applied to synthesize polyhedron Pt3Ni alloy nanoparticles on carbon (Pt3Ni/C), which features large proportion of Pt3Ni (111) facets and shows enhanced oxygen reduction reaction performance in comparison with commercial Pt/C.


Oxygen reduction reaction Polyhedral Pt3Ni alloy nanoparticles (111) facet 



This work was supported by University of Science and Technology Beijing.

Supplementary material

12678_2019_547_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.7 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1714 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Materials Genome Engineering, Center for Green Innovation, Beijing Key Laboratory for Magneto-Photoelectrical Composite and Interface Science, School of Mathematics and PhysicsUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Sunan Institute for Molecular Engineering, Peking UniversityChangshuPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of ScienceInner Mongolia University of TechnologyHohhotPeople’s Republic of China

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