, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 459–465 | Cite as

Templated Synthesis of Carbon-Free Mesoporous Magnéli-Phase Titanium Suboxide

  • Yoshiyuki KurodaEmail author
  • Hikaru Igarashi
  • Takaaki Nagai
  • Teko W. Napporn
  • Koichi Matsuzawa
  • Shigenori Mitsushima
  • Ken-ichiro Ota
  • Akimitsu IshiharaEmail author


Titanium suboxides, such as the Magnéli-phase TixO2x–1, have attracted much attention as candidates of stable electrode materials because of their high conductivity and stability. The synthesis of porous titanium suboxides with high surface area without the formation of residual carbon is important to achieve active and stable electrode materials. Here, the synthesis of mesoporous Magnéli-phase Ti6O11 without residual carbon is demonstrated for the first time by templating method, using a colloidal crystal template. Highly ordered mesoporous Magnéli-phase Ti6O11 was obtained by reduction of TiO2 framework within the template under H2 flow at 800 °C, followed by the removal of template with a sodium hydroxide solution. The BET surface area was 11 m2/g. The mesoporous Ti6O11 loaded with Pt nanoparticles deposited by the coaxial arc plasma deposition showed oxygen reduction reaction activity comparable to those of commercial Pt/C, though oxide support often reduces catalytic activity of supported Pt nanoparticles. Consequently, the mesoporous Ti6O11 is useful as a carbon-free electrochemical support material for various applications.

Graphical Abstract

Highly ordered carbon-free mesoporous Magnéli-phase titanium suboxide was successfully synthesized by the templating method, and it was useful as an electrochemical support for Pt nanoparticles deposited by the arc plasma deposition for oxygen reduction reaction.


Mesoporous materials Magnéli-phase titanium suboxides Coaxial arc plasma deposition Catalyst supports Oxygen reduction reaction 



The authors thank Mr. Hirotaka Kajima and Mr. Wataru Shimabukuro for their experimental help.


This research was supported in part by Strategic International Research Cooperative Program, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI Grant Number 17K06803, and Kato Foundation for Promotion of Science.

Supplementary material

12678_2019_544_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (841 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 841 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Green Hydrogen Research CenterYokohama National UniversityHodogaya-kuJapan
  2. 2.IC2MP UMR 7285 CNRS University of PoitiersPoitiers Cedex 09France
  3. 3.Institute of Advanced SciencesYokohama National UniversityHodogaya-kuJapan

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