, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 611–615 | Cite as

Mindfulness-Based Interventions and the Four Satipaṭṭhānas

  • Bhikkhu Anālayo


This article explores to what degree mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) can be considered to fulfill the cultivation of the four establishments of mindfulness, satipaṭṭhāna/smṛtyupasthāna, in the way these are described in early Buddhist discourse. A comparative survey of the core elements of such practice, described in the Pāli Satipaṭṭhāna-sutta and its two Chinese Āgama parallels, shows that current employment of mindfulness in health care and education, in spite of some degree of affinity, does not really qualify as an implementation of the four establishments of mindfulness. Better precedents for MBIs could be found in early Buddhist instructions on mindful eating and on how to face physical pain with mindfulness.


Early Buddhism MBIs Mindfulness Overeating Pain Satipaṭṭhāna 




Ekottarika-āgama (T 125)

Madhyama-āgama (T 26)



Saṃyukta-āgama (T 99)


Sanskrithandschriften aus den Turfanfunden




Taishō edition


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies performed by the author with human participants or animals.

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Barre Center for Buddhist StudiesBarreUSA

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