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The Relationships of Dispositional Mindfulness with Sexual Prejudice and Internalized Sexual Stigma Among Heterosexual and Gay/Bisexual Men

  • Marco SalvatiEmail author
  • Carlo Chiorri
  • Roberto Baiocco



A recently growing literature explored the effect of mindfulness on the reduction of stereotypes and prejudice. However, studies exploring the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and prejudice are very limited and contradictory. The current work focused on the associations of dispositional mindfulness with internalized sexual stigma and sexual prejudice in gay/bisexual men and heterosexual men, respectively.


Participants were 180 Italian men, both heterosexual (N = 91, 50.6%) and gay/bisexual (N = 89, 49.4%), ranging between 18 and 40 years old (M = 28.23, SD = 5.59) that completed a questionnaire which contained demographic information and measures of mindfulness, need for cognitive closure, and adherence to traditional and stereotypical gender roles. In order to test the predictive power of mindfulness’ dimensions on internalized sexual stigma and on sexual prejudice over and above the other predictors, we used dominance analysis.


Analyses revealed that only the FFMQ-Nonjudging of inner experience explained a proportion of variance of internalized sexual stigma significantly larger than zero, whereas the variance of the score on the sexual prejudice was mostly accounted for by right-wing political orientation and FFMQ-Observing.


Having a mindful nonjudging attitude toward one’s inner experience would associate to less internalized sexual stigma in gay and bisexual men, whereas having a mindful observing disposition would help heterosexual men to have less sexual prejudice against gay men. Limitations and future directions are discussed.


Dispositional mindfulness Sexual prejudice Gay men Internalized sexual stigma Dominance analysis 


Author Contributions

MS designed and executed the study, contributed to conduct data analyses, and wrote the paper.

CC collaborated with the design, conducted the main analyses, and wrote part of the results.

RB collaborated with the design and edited the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were conducted in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not refer to any studies with animals performed by any of the authors. The research received approval by Ethical Commitee of the Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, Sapienza University, Rome.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and PsychologySapienza UniversityRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Educational SciencesUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly

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