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Validation of a Scale for Assessing Social Validity in Mindfulness-Based Educational Programs

  • Luis López-González
  • David Herrero-Fernández
  • Alberto AmutioEmail author
  • Txemi Santamaría
  • William Van Gordon



Social validity (SV) is a concept used in intervention research and is concerned with the overall acceptability, relevance, and utility of an intervention to all intervention stakeholders. SV not only takes into account efficacy in respect of the pre-defined study outcomes, but also participants’ perceptions of the intervention as well as the wider social context in which it will be applied. There are a growing number of mindfulness-based educational programs (MBEPs) being empirically evaluated and implemented in educational settings. However, due to a lack of scientifically validated instruments that can assess SV in MBEPs, a systematic evaluation of SV in such programs has not been undertaken to date. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Social Validity Scale of Mindfulness-Based Programs for Adolescents (Escala de Validez Social de Programas de Mindfulness para Adolescentes—EVSPM-A), composed of 20 items.


The sample comprised 512 compulsory secondary education and high school students (mean age = 14.5; SD = 1.57) from three Spanish educational centers that had completed an MBEP known as the TREVA Program.


The final version of the scale showed good psychometric properties and factor analyses yielded five factors: global impact-satisfaction, acceptance and viability, individual perceived effectiveness, perceived classroom climate; training feasibility, and applicability of techniques.


The EVSPM-A appears to be a suitable means of assessing SV in MBEPs delivered to adolescents. Using the EVSPM-A to evaluate SV can help improve the implementation and long-term efficacy of MBEPs.


Assessment Social validity Mindfulness-based interventions Educational programs 



We wish to express our deepest appreciation to the individuals who voluntarily participated in the project and university employees for their support with the study.

Author’s Contributions

LLG and AA conceived and designed the study and wrote and edited all the different versions of the ms and the final paper. DHF conducted data analyses. TS participated in recruiting the sample, and in the administration of the different instruments. WVG contributed to the writing and final editing of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the Bioethics Committee of the University of Barcelona (Spain).

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Desenvolupament Professional, University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Universidad Europea del AtlánticoSantanderSpain
  3. 3.Facultad de Relaciones Laborales y Trabajo SocialUniversity of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)LeioaSpain
  4. 4.Faculty of Psychology and EducationUniversity of DeustoBilbaoSpain
  5. 5.Human Sciences Research CentreUniversity of DerbyDerbyUK

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