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Green Synthesis of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Mediated by Filamentous Fungi Isolated from Sundarban Mangrove Ecosystem, India

  • Shouvik Mahanty
  • Madhurima Bakshi
  • Somdeep Ghosh
  • Shreosi Chatterjee
  • Subarna Bhattacharyya
  • Papita Das
  • Surajit Das
  • Punarbasu ChaudhuriEmail author
Article

Abstract

In the present study, biosynthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) was achieved using three manglicolous fungi, STSP10 (Trichoderma asperellum), STSP 19 (Phialemoniopsis ocularis) and STSP 27 (Fusarium incarnatum) isolated from estuarine mangrove sediment of Indian Sundarban. Synthesised IONPs were initially monitored by UV-Vis spectrophotometer and further characterised by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, which provides information regarding proteins and other organic residues involved with iron nanoparticle. The morphology of iron nanoparticle were found to be spherical with average particle size ranging between 25 ± 3.94 nm for T. asperellum, 13.13 ± 4.32 nm for P. ocularis and 30.56 ± 8.68 nm for F. incarnatum, which were confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Energy-dispersive x-ray analysis (EDX) analysis was performed during FESEM study to confirm the presence of elemental Fe in the sample. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern has shown that the IONPs are iron oxide in nature.

Keywords

Green synthesis Manglicolous fungi Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) Indian Sundarban 

Notes

Funding

The authors are thankful to Department of Biotechnology (DBT), India (No. BT/PR9465/NDB/39/360/2013) and Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CRNN), University of Calcutta, for financial and infrastructural support.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

Research Involving Humans and Animals Statement

None.

Informed Consent

None.

Funding Statement

None.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Shouvik Mahanty
    • 1
  • Madhurima Bakshi
    • 1
  • Somdeep Ghosh
    • 1
  • Shreosi Chatterjee
    • 2
  • Subarna Bhattacharyya
    • 3
  • Papita Das
    • 4
  • Surajit Das
    • 2
  • Punarbasu Chaudhuri
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of Life Science, NIT RourkelaRourkelaIndia
  3. 3.School of Environmental StudiesJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  4. 4.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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