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Oxidative Roasting–Selective Pressure Leaching Process for Rare Earth Recovery from NdFeB Magnet Scrap

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Abstract

To recover rare earths (RE) with low acid consumption and low environmental pollution, selective pressure leaching with hydrochloric acid from roasted NdFeB scrap was explored. The phase evolution of NdFeB scrap during roasting at 800 °C as a function of time was confirmed, and after complete oxidation, its phase components consisted of Fe2O3, NdFeO3, and NdBO3. In the selective pressure leaching procedure, the optimal leaching was achieved at 110 °C for 30 min, in which the leaching rate of rare earth was 96.27% along with 13.33% of Fe. Subsequently, the effects of the hydrochloric acid dosage, the hydrochloric acid concentration and the particle size of the roasted NdFeB powder on the leaching rate of rare earth were investigated. For leaching at 110 °C for 30 min, the leaching of 13.33% Fe2O3 was derived from the Fe2O3 and NdFeO3 phases in the fully oxidized NdFeB scrap. This phenomenon was verified by the leaching of Fe from Fe2O3 of analytical purity and synthetic NdFeO3. Moreover, the leaching of Nd and Fe from the NdFeO3 phase was found to occur simultaneously. The advantages of the selective pressure leaching process using hydrochloric acid for the oxidized NdFeB scrap were comprehensively evaluated.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Program for Young Talents of Science and Technology in Universities of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (Grant No. NJYT-20-B27), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51804170) and the Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia (Grant Nos. 2018LH05014 and No. 2018LH05018).

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Correspondence to Wenbin Xin.

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Jiang, Y., Deng, Y., Xin, W. et al. Oxidative Roasting–Selective Pressure Leaching Process for Rare Earth Recovery from NdFeB Magnet Scrap. Trans Indian Inst Met (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12666-020-01888-x

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Keywords

  • NdFeB magnet scrap
  • Oxidative roasting
  • High-pressure selective leaching
  • Rare earth recovery
  • NdFeO3