Effect of Ni on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of CrMnFeCoNi High Entropy Alloy

  • Suresh KoppojuEmail author
  • Satya Prasad Konduri
  • Prashanthi Chalavadi
  • Srinivasa Rao Bonta
  • Ramakrishna Mantripragada
Technical Paper


The effect of Ni content on microstructure and mechanical properties of the CrMnFeCoNi high entropy alloy (HEA) has been studied. The Ni content varied from 0 to 20 at% in the composition (CrMnFeMn)100−xNix, where x = 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 20 at%. The alloys were synthesized by vacuum arc melting and the microstructure as well as hardness of the as-cast alloys were studied. Alloys with low Ni content (x ≤ 2.5%) consists of a two-phase microstructure of dendritic and inter-dendritic regions with fcc (matrix) and tetragonal (sigma) crystal structure, respectively. When the Ni content is 5 at%, two-phase structure with fcc (matrix) and bcc (secondary phase) is observed, with the addition of Mn-rich inclusions that are present in the entire matrix. Alloys with higher Ni content (x ≥ 10, at%) exhibit a single phase of fcc structure. Hardness of the HEAs decreases from 320 to 120 Hv with increase in Ni content, and the high hardness of these alloys with low Ni content is due to the mixture of both fcc and hard tetragonal (sigma) phases.


High entropy alloy Microstructure Transmission electron microscopy 



Authors would like to acknowledge Dr. Ravi C Gundakaram for his help with the manuscript and Ms. K. Anjali for calculations of the entropy parameters.

Supplementary material

12666_2019_1838_MOESM1_ESM.tif (181 kb)
Fig. S1Volume fraction of the secondary phases in the as-cast (CrMnFeCo)100-xNix HEA with Ni content. The secondary phase for the alloy with x=0 and 2.5 is the tetragonal phase, and the secondary phase for the other alloys is islands (Mn-rich particles) (TIFF 181 kb)
12666_2019_1838_MOESM2_ESM.tif (3.1 mb)
Fig. S2(a) Bright field image of the as-cast (CrCoFeMn)1-xNix HEA with x=2.5 at.%, (b) SAED shows the two-phase structure of fcc and tetragonal. SAED patterns from bright and dark regions correspond to fcc and tetragonal phases, respectively (TIFF 3131 kb)
12666_2019_1838_MOESM3_ESM.tif (759 kb)
Fig. S3Bright field image of the as-cast (CrCoFeMn)1-xNix HEA with x=5 at.% shows the presence of Mn-rich particle. Inset to the figure shows the EDS spectra from Mn-rich particle (TIFF 758 kb)
12666_2019_1838_MOESM4_ESM.tif (4.7 mb)
Fig. S4Bright field images of the as-cast (CrCoFeMn)1-xNix HEA with (a) x=10 and x=15 at.%. Inset to the figures shows SAED patterns from the corresponding regions (TIFF 4776 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Materials and Characterization and Testing (CMCT)International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI)HyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of MetallurgyNational Institute of Technology-WarangalWarangalIndia

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