Advertisement

Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

, Volume 72, Issue 12, pp 3107–3116 | Cite as

Effect of Quenching Temperature on Microstructure and Properties of Al-Bearing High-Boron High-Speed Steel

  • Xiaoni Liu
  • Hanguang FuEmail author
  • Yinhu Qu
  • Xiaole Cheng
  • Changan Wang
  • Guangshen Xu
Technical Paper
  • 50 Downloads

Abstract

Microstructure and properties of the alloys could be changed by heat treatment process. In this work, effect of quenching temperature on the microstructure of Al-bearing high-boron high-speed steel (AB-HSS) was investigated by means of optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Hardness and wear resistance of AB-HSS at different quenching temperatures were tested by rockwell hardness tester, microhardness tester and wear tester, respectively. The experimental results indicate that the microstructure of as-cast AB-HSS is mainly composed of pearlite, ferrite, M2B-type boride and M23(C, B)6-type borocarbide. After quenched treatment, the matrix transforms into the martensite and the type of boride has no obvious change. The morphology of boride changes from continuous network and fish-bone to isolate shape and granular distribution. As quenching temperature increases, the hardness of alloy increases. The hardness reaches 65.1 HRC when quenching temperature is 1110 °C. The wear resistance of alloy gradually increases with the increase in quenching temperature. The wear resistance is the best when the quenching temperature reaches 1110 °C.

Keywords

Al-bearing high-boron high-speed steel Quenching temperature Microstructure evolution Hardness Wear resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the financial support for this work from National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant (51475005), and Beijing Natural Science Foundation (2142009), and “Hundred Talents” of Shaanxi Province (The eighth batch).

References

  1. 1.
    Mahlami C S, and Pan X, AIP Conf Proc1895 (2017) 020083.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Çöl M, Koç F G, Öktem H, and Kır D, Wear348 (2015) 158.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhi X H, Liu J Z, Xing J D, and Ma S Q, Mater Sci Eng603 (2014) 98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hanguang F, and Zhiqiang J, Metall Sin42 (2006) 545.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lentz J, Röttger A, and Theisen W, Acta Mater119 (2016) 80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yanliang Y, Jiandong X, Mingjia W, Langlang Y, Yafang L, and Yongxin J, Mater Sci Eng A708 (2017) 274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Huang Z, Xing J, and Guo C, Mater Des31 (2010) 3084.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lentz J, Röttger A, Theisen W, Mater Charact135 (2018) 192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sang P, Fu H, Qu Y, Wang C, and Lei Y, Mater Sci Eng Technol46 (2015) 962.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dong Y, Li Z, Cen Q, and Liu, Adv Mater Res535–537 (2012) 899.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hufenbach J, Kunze K, Giebeler L, Gemming T, Wendrock H, Baldauf C, Kühn U, Hufenbach W, and Eckert J, Mater Sci Eng A586 (2013) 267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Changqing G, Caidong W, Xiaoping L, and Kelly P M, China Foundry5 (2008) 28.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chubinidze G G, and Krasnov A V, Metal Sci Heat Treat28 (1986) 595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ma S, Xing J, Guo S, Bai Y, Fu H, Lyu P, Huang Z, and Chen W, Mater Chem Phys199 (2017) 356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yu Z, Fu H, Jiang Y, Cen Q, Lei Y, Zhou R, and Cuo H, Mater Sci Eng Technol43 (2012) 1080.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hanguang F, Xuding S, Haiming L, Yongping L, Xiaole C, and Jiandong X, Rare Metal Mater Eng39 (2010) 1125.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lentz J, Röttger A, and Theisen W, Acta Mater99 (2015) 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bao Y, Cen Q, Jiang Y, Zhou R, He Z, and Shi X, Trans Mater Heat Treat33 (2012) 72.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jian Y, Huang Z, and Xing J. Wear362363 (2016) 68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yu Z, Fu H G, Du Z Z, Li P, and Lei Y P. Trans Mater Heat Treat34 (2013) 138.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Qian M, Scr Mater41 (1999) 1301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hanguang F, Lifen Y, Zhiqiang J, and Jiandong X. Int J Mater Res98 (2007) 521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jiang J, Fu H, Zheng L, Shu-Qi G, Yue M, and Yong-Ping L, Mat-Wiss u Werkstofftech47 (2016) 822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhangtao W, The Studying on Preparation, Microstructure and Properties of Boron-Added Steel, Northeast University, Liaoning (2001).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hanguang F, A Study of Abrasion Resistant High Boron Cast Alloy. Tsinghua University, Beijing (2006).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Li F, and Li Z, J Alloys Compd587 (2014) 267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Yüksel N, and Sahin S, Mater Des58 (2014) 491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ju J, Fu H, and Lei Y, Mater Test58 (2016) 753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li X, Ma Y, and Cui Y, Mater Heat Treat36 (2007) 71.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electronic EngineeringXi’an Polytechnic UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.ShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations