Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

, Volume 72, Issue 9, pp 2359–2364 | Cite as

Basic Leaching Behavior of Mechanically Activated Zinc Plant Residue

  • M. Deniz TuranEmail author
  • H. Soner Altundoğan
  • Mustafa Boyrazlı
  • Z. Abidin Sarı
  • Hasan Nizamoğlu
  • Aslıhan Demiraslan
Technical Paper


Zinc plant residue is a secondary metal source because it has precious metals such as zinc and lead. However, since this residue contains partial ferrite structure, there is no large-scale recovery in metallurgy industry. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of mechanical activation of zinc plant residue in sodium hydroxide leaching. The results showed that mechanical activation obtained from high-energy mill had positive effect on the leaching of metals under condition of limited grinding time. Mechanical activation over 1 min caused the increase in particle size. It was also determined that specific surface area decreased due to onset of agglomeration of fine particles on the surface. Leaching efficiency of long-time milled residue was lower than short-time milled material’s leaching. It was determined that lead dissolution from zinc plant residue was higher than zinc dissolution in all experiments due to the presence of zinc in ferrite structure as franklinite form. Furthermore, sodium hydroxide leaching of this residue could be considered as a selective leach, since no iron was present in the solution.


Zinc Lead Residue Mechanical activation Leaching Hydrometallurgy 



This work was financially supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK, No. 112M285). The authors would like to thank TUBITAK for financial support.


  1. 1.
    Baláž P, Extractive metallurgy of activated minerals, Elseiver, Amsterdam (2000) p 4.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fattahi A, Rashchi F, Abkhoshk E, Hydrometallurgy 161 (2016) 185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Feng L, Yang X, Shen Q, Xu M, Jin B, Hydrometallurgy 89 (2007) 305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Langová S, Leško J, Matýsek D, Hydrometallurgy 95 (2009) 179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Souza A D, Pina P S, Leão V A, Silva C A, Siqueira P F, Hydrometallurgy 89 (2007) 72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Souza A D, Pina P S, Lima E V O, Silva C A, Leão V A, Hydrometallurgy 89 (2007) 337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Turan M D, Altundoğan H S, Tümen F, Hydrometallurgy 75 (2004) 169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Turan M D, Safarzadeh M S, Hydrometallurgy 119–120 (2012) 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang X, Yang D, Ju U, Peng J, Duan X, Trans Nonferrous Metals Soc China 23 (2013) 3808.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Xia D K, Pickles C A, Miner Eng 12 (1999) 693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Youcai Z, Stanforth R, Miner Eng 13(2000) 1417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhang Y, Deng J, Chen J, Yu R, Xing X, Hydrometallurgy 146 (2014) 59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Deniz Turan
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. Soner Altundoğan
    • 2
  • Mustafa Boyrazlı
    • 1
  • Z. Abidin Sarı
    • 3
  • Hasan Nizamoğlu
    • 1
  • Aslıhan Demiraslan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringFırat UniversityElazığTurkey
  2. 2.Department of BioengineeringFırat UniversityElazığTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Metallurgy-Dörtyol Vocational School of Higher EducationIskenderun Technical UniversityIskenderunTurkey

Personalised recommendations