Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

, Volume 72, Issue 12, pp 2997–3006 | Cite as

Investigation on the Hot Deformation Behavior of 316L Stainless Steel Using 3D Processing Map

  • Le-li Chen
  • Rui LuoEmail author
  • Yu-tong Yang
  • Ching-Tun Peng
  • Xiang Gui
  • Jie Zhang
  • Ke-yang Song
  • Pei Gao
  • Xiao-nong Cheng
Technical Paper


Isothermal compression experiments have been adopted to systematically examine hot deformation behavior of 316L stainless steel on a simulator with 0.01–5 s−1 strain rate and 900–1100 °C temperature, and the results demonstrate that, in flow curves, both features of dynamic recrystallization (DRX) and dynamic recovery (DRV) can be observed. Besides, the constitutive model has been established, and the value of activation energy is obtained as 465.532 kJ mol−1. In addition, processing maps of different strains are also constructed. With microstructural observation, it can be found that the flow localization and mischcrystal structure occur while the hot deformation is performed on the instability domains (efficiency of power dissipation, \( \eta \), < 23%). The processing window is located at 0.01–0.056 s−1 strain rate and 1040–1100 °C temperature with the η higher than 35%. The optimal hot compression parameters are 1050 °C–0.01 s−1 with a peak efficiency of 38%, and the corresponding EBSD analysis shows a random distribution of DRX grains.


316L stainless steel Hot deformation behavior Constitutive model Processing maps Dynamic recrystallization 



This research was sponsored by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 2012AA03A501), and Jiangsu Province Key R&D Project of China (No. BE2017127).


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Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Le-li Chen
    • 1
  • Rui Luo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yu-tong Yang
    • 1
  • Ching-Tun Peng
    • 1
  • Xiang Gui
    • 1
  • Jie Zhang
    • 1
  • Ke-yang Song
    • 1
  • Pei Gao
    • 2
  • Xiao-nong Cheng
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Material Science and EngineeringJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Yinhuan Precision Steel Tube Co., LtdYixingChina

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