Mechanical and Wear Behaviour of Hot-Pressed 304 stainless Steel Matrix Composites Containing TiB2 Particles

  • Silani SahooEmail author
  • Bharat B. Jha
  • Tarasankar Mahata
  • Jyothi Sharma
  • Tammana S. R. Ch. Murthy
  • Animesh Mandal
Technical Paper


In the present article, mechanical and wear behaviour of hot-pressed 304 stainless steel matrix composites containing 2 and 4 vol% TiB2 particles was investigated. A density of over 92% was achieved at optimum hot-pressing temperature and TiB2 particles’ content. Microhardness and yield strength of the composites were found to be improved remarkably as compared to their unreinforced counterpart. The enhancement of mechanical properties of the composites was discussed in light of their microstructural aspects and different possible strengthening mechanism models. Taylor strengthening was found to be dominant strengthening mechanism as compared to Orowan strengthening and load-bearing effect. Dry sliding wear behaviour was also investigated under load of 35 N at sliding speed 0.3 m/s. The wear resistance of the composites was found to be improved owing to uniform distribution of hard TiB2 particles. Based on our findings, it was concluded that processing parameters and amount of TiB2 have significant influence on mechanical and wear behaviour of steel matrix composites.


304 stainless steel Hot pressing Microstructure Mechanical properties Wear 



The authors are grateful to the director, CSIR-IMMT, Bhubaneswar, for supporting and giving permission to publish this research work.


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Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silani Sahoo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bharat B. Jha
    • 2
  • Tarasankar Mahata
    • 3
  • Jyothi Sharma
    • 3
  • Tammana S. R. Ch. Murthy
    • 4
  • Animesh Mandal
    • 5
  1. 1.Advanced Materials Technology DepartmentCSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials TechnologyBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Business Development & Standardisation DivisionCSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research InstituteKolkataIndia
  3. 3.Powder Metallurgy DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreNavi MumbaiIndia
  4. 4.Materials Processing and Corrosion Engineering DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia
  5. 5.School of Minerals, Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BhubaneswarBhubaneswarIndia

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