Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

, Volume 72, Issue 1, pp 257–270 | Cite as

End-point Prediction of BOF Steelmaking Based on KNNWTSVR and LWOA

  • Chuang Gao
  • Minggang ShenEmail author
  • Xiaoping Liu
  • Lidong Wang
  • Ming Chen
Technical Paper


Basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steelmaking plays an important role in steelmaking process. Therefore, research on BOF steelmaking modeling is very necessary. In this paper, a novel combination prediction model has been proposed, which consists of a time series prediction model and a compensation prediction model. Both models are established by k-nearest neighbor-based weighted twin support vector regression (KNNWTSVR) algorithm. By introducing Lévy flight algorithm and inertia weight, an improved algorithm of whale optimization algorithm (WOA) called Lévy flight WOA has been initially proposed to solve the optimization problem in the objective function of KNNWTSVR. The simulation results show that the proposed models are effective and feasible. Within different error bounds (0.005% for carbon content model and 10 °C for temperature model), the strike rates of carbon content and temperature both achieve 93%, and a double strike rate of 86% is obtained, which can provide a significant reference for real BOF applications, and the proposed method is also appropriate for the prediction models of other metallurgical applications.


Basic oxygen furnace Twin support vector regression Whale optimization algorithm Prediction model 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61403177.


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Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chuang Gao
    • 1
  • Minggang Shen
    • 2
    Email author
  • Xiaoping Liu
    • 3
  • Lidong Wang
    • 1
  • Ming Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electronic and Information EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology LiaoningAnshanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Materials and MetallurgyUniversity of Science and Technology LiaoningAnshanPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Faculty of EngineeringLakehead UniversityThunder BayCanada

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