Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

, Volume 71, Issue 10, pp 2479–2485 | Cite as

On Development of Functionally Graded Material Through Fused Deposition Modelling Assisted Investment Casting from Al2O3/SiC Reinforced Waste Low Density Polyethylene

  • Narinder Singh
  • Rupinder SinghEmail author
  • I P S Ahuja
Technical Paper


The recycling of packaging materials such as low density polyethylene (LDPE) into useful product is one of the challenging tasks. Since waste LDPE has some issues like low mechanical strength and thermal degradation; some studies have been reported in recent past to improve these properties with ceramic/metallic reinforcements. In this work reusability of LDPE has been ascertained as functionally graded material (FGM) through aluminum (Al) matrix based investment casting (IC). This study highlights the use of SiC and Al2O3 as reinforcement in LDPE for IC applications as a novel method for development of FGM. The master patterns for IC were prepared from reinforced LDPE based feed stock filament (prepared on conventional screw extruder) on open source fused deposition modelling setup. The in-house prepared filament wire was subjected to mechanical and thermal testing to ensure recyclability and stability of the material. The photo micrographs and SEM images were collected to ensure the dispersion of SiC and Al2O3 reinforcements in Al based FGM.


Polymer waste LDPE Fused Deposition Modelling Reinforcements SiC Al2O3 Investment Casting FGM 



The authors are thankful to Department of Science and Technology (GoI) for financial support (DST/TSG/NTS/2014/104) for this project.


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Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringPunjabi UniversityPatialaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Production EngineeringGuru Nanak Dev Engineering CollegeLudhianaIndia

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