Advertisement

Temperature Distribution During Friction Stir Welding of AA2014 Aluminum Alloy: Experimental and Statistical Analysis

  • Bhavesh Chaudhary
  • Vivek PatelEmail author
  • P. L. Ramkumar
  • Jay Vora
Technical Paper
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

FSW has shown great potential to weld AA2014 heat-treatable aluminum alloy. But the effectiveness of joint in FSW depends on the temperature distribution across the length and width of weld zone. The present study aims to investigate the temperature distribution during FSW of AA2014 alloy. The temperatures were recorded at eight different positions by inserting K-type thermocouples on pre-drilled AA2014 alloy under different process parameters like tool rotation (N), welding speed (v) and tilt angle. These temperatures were recorded using two thermocouple layouts: First layout was “equal distance and same depth” on advancing side (AS) whereas second layout was “equal distance and varying depth” on retreating side (RS). Experimental results showed that by increasing the N/v ratio, the peak temperature increased whereas the peak temperature decreased by decreasing the N/v ratio. On the other hand, effect of tool tilt angle on peak temperature was also found to be significant and confirmed by experimental as well as statistical analysis. Furthermore, it was concluded that temperature was higher on AS compared to the RS. The conclusion drawn from statistical analysis was in good agreement with experimental results.

Keywords

Friction stir welding Temperature Tool rotation speed Tool tilt angle Welding speed 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Mr. Ramesh Prajapati, Lab Assistant, of Mechanical Engineering, IITRAM University, Ahmedabad for his help in manufacturing tools for FSW. The authors also thank PDPU, Gandhinagar, for extending the research facilities for the present work.

References

  1. 1.
    Thomas W, Nicholas E, Needham J C, Murch M, Templesmith P, and Dawes C, in International Patent Application no. PCT/GB92102203 and Great Britain Patent Application (1991).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mishra R S, De P S, and Kumar N, Friction Stir Welding and Processing: Science and Engineering, Springer, Berlin (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sinhmar S, and Dwivedi D, Mater Sci Eng: A 684 (2017) 413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Godhani P S, Patel V V, Vora J J, Chaudhary N D, and Banka R, in Innovations in Infrastructure, Springer: Singapore (2019).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schmale J, Fehrenbacher A, Shrivastava A, and Pfefferkorn F E, Measurement 88 (2016) 331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Li W, Niu P, Yan S, Patel V, and Wen Q, J Manuf Process 37 (2019) 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shah P H, and Badheka V, Procedia Technol 23 (2016) 543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Qian J, Li J, Sun F, Xiong J, Zhang F, and Lin X, Scr Mater 68 (2013) 175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Qian J, Ou Y, Li J, Xiao Y, Wu L, and Xu Y, Sci Technol Weld Join 22 (2017) 520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Silva A, De Backer J, and Bolmsjö G, Int J Adv Manuf Technol 88 (2017) 2899.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Perumalla Janaki Ramulu R G N, Experimental study on temperature evolution during friction stir welding of 6061-T6 Aluminum alloy, in Design and Research Conference (AIMTDR 2014) (2014).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yau Y, Hussain A, Lalwani R, Chan H, Hakimi N, Int J Miner, Metall Mater 20 (2013) 779.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Keivani R, Bagheri B, Sharifi F, Ketabchi M, and Abbasi M, Trans Nonferrous Metals Soc China 23 (2013) 2708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tang J, and Shen Y, J Manuf Process 29 (2017) 29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang L, Davies C, Wimpory R, Xie L, and Nikbin K, Mater High Temp 27 (2010) 167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lambrakos S, Fonda R, Milewski J, and Mitchell J, Sci Technol Weld Join 8 (2003) 385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rajamanickam N, Balusamy V, Reddy G M, and Natarajan K, Mater Des 30 (2009) 2726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fehrenbacher A, Duffie N A, Ferrier N J, Pfefferkorn F E, and Zinn M R, Int J Adv Manuf Technol 71 (2014) 165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Fehrenbacher A, Schmale J R, Zinn M R, and Pfefferkorn F E, J Manuf Sci Eng 136 (2014) 021009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fehrenbacher A, Smith C B, Duffie N A, Ferrier N J, Pfefferkorn F E, Zinn M R, J Manuf Sci Eng 136 (2014) 021007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Abnar B, Kazeminezhad M, and Kokabi A, Trans Nonferrous Metals Soc China 25 (2015) 2147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Patel V V, Badheka V, and Kumar A, J Mater Process Technol 240 (2017) 68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Patel V V, Badheka V J, and Kumar A, Trans Indian Inst Metals 70 (2017) 1151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bisadi H, Rasaee S, and Farahmand M, Trans Indian Inst Metals 67 (2014) 989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ji S, Wang Y, Li Z, Yue Y, and Chai P, Trans Indian Inst Metals 70 (2017) 1417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shiraly M, Shamanian M, Toroghinejad M R, Jazani M A, and Sadreddini S, Trans Indian Inst Metals 70 (2017) 2205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Patel V, Li W, and Xu Y, Mater Manuf Process 34 (2019) 177.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Cho J-H, Han S H, and Lee C G, Mater Lett 180 (2016) 157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wen Q, Li W, Wang W, Wang F, Gao Y, and Patel V, J Mater Sci Technol 35 (2019) 192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rajendran C, Srinivasan K, Balasubramanian V, Balaji H, and Selvaraj P, Aust J Mech Eng (2017) 1.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Patel V V, Badheka V, and Kumar A, Mater Manuf Process 31 (2016) 1573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Patel V V, Badheka V J, and Kumar A, Procedia Technol 23 (2016) 537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Prasanth R S S, and Hans Raj K, Trans Indian Inst Metals 71 (2018) 453.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Rasaee S, Mirzaei A H, Almasi D, and Hayati S, Trans Indian Inst Metals 71 (2018) 1553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Sidhar H, Mishra R S, Reynolds A P, and Baumann J A, J Alloys Compd 722 (2017) 330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Krishnaiah K, and Shahabudeen P, Applied Design of Experiments and Taguchi Methods, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi (2012).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIITRAMAhmedabadIndia
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering Department, School of TechnologyPandit Deendayal Petroleum UniversityGandhinagarIndia
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Friction Welding TechnologiesNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations