Characteristics and effects of fluorine release from shallow high-fluoride soils

  • Mengjie Shi
  • Zongjun GaoEmail author
  • Jianguo FengEmail author
  • Hongying Zhang
  • Yechen Cui
  • Shaoyan Fang
  • Jiutan Liu
Original Article


Areas with high fluoride content in shallow groundwater are usually also the areas where drinking-water endemic fluorosis was found, for example, in Gaomi, China. In recent decades, with the development of industry and agriculture and the improvement in living environments, the groundwater level has slowly declined, and the former high-fluoride conditions of shallow water-soil systems has changed. Shallow high-fluoride soils will release a large amount of fluorine downward under the leaching of rainfall, which poses a potential risk to the deep water-soil system. To evaluate the characteristics and effects of fluorine release from shallow high-fluoride soils, five soil samples were collected to conduct a static fluorine release experiment and a soil column leaching experiment. The results indicated that the release of fluorine from soils conforms to the Elovich model, and in the soil profile, the fluorine release gradually moves from up to down along the runoff direction. Components, such as Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, Cl and HCO3, together with F, leached from the soil and migrated downward. With increasing leaching time, the concentrations of soluble salt components gradually decreased, the pH values increased, and the dissolution equilibrium of fluorite shifted toward the dissolution direction.


Characteristics of fluorine release Groundwater Hydrochemical Shallow high-fluoride soil 



This paper was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (41641022) and Science and Technology Plan Projects of Colleges and Universities in Shandong Province (J13LH05).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Earth Science and EngineeringShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina

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