Particle crushing and its influence on a compacted cataclasite under different water content conditions

  • Yang ZhaoEmail author
  • Jingnian Fang
  • Cunbin Fan
  • Pinghui Liu
  • Zhiquan Huang
Original Article


The shear behavior of cataclasite from Beihetan site in China based on its geological conditions was investigated. Constant water content triaxial tests with large deformation were carried out under high confining pressure and different water contents conditions. The gain-size analysis shows that not only confining pressure but also water content have great effect on the particle crushing, and an empirical expression was established to describe the relationship. The failure envelope is non-linear for cataclasite, and the generalized apparent cohesion and friction angle vary with environmental conditions. The crushing of particles has great effect on this behavior. The friction angle decreases with increasing particle crushing index Br in the form of a power function. Besides, the contractancy enhances with increasing confining pressure and water content, and particle crushing shows a dominating influence on contractancy positively.


Water content Non-linearity of strength High pressure Soft rock/hard soil 



The research was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51409102, 51709113, U1704243) and the Henan Science and Technology Project (No. 172102310190).


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Earth Sciences and EngineeringNorth China University of Water Resources and Electric PowerZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Water Conservancy and Environmental EngineeringZheng Zhou UniversityZhengzhouChina
  3. 3.Yellow River Engineering Consulting Limited CompanyZhengzhouChina

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