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Geochemical and sedimentological characteristics of surface sediments from Ashtamudi Estuary, Southern India: implications for provenance and modern sedimentary dynamics

  • Praveen K. Mishra
  • Shah Parth
  • Yadav Ankit
  • Sunil Kumar
  • V. Ambili
  • Vivek V. Kumar
  • Shweta Singh
  • Ambili AnoopEmail author
Original Article
  • 35 Downloads

Abstract

Geochemical and end-member mixing analyses (EMMA) of the grain-size distribution were conducted on recent surface sediments from Ashtamudi Estuary, Southern India to investigate the hydrodynamic factors that influence the depositional processes in the region. The complex interplay between the natural (fluvial and marine) and anthropogenic influences on the Ashtamudi Estuary have been delineated based on the inter-relationships between geochemical elements and the end members (EM) derived from the grain-size parameters. Si, Al and Fe are the major elements in the sediment of Ashtamudi Estuary constituting 26–47%, 9–21%, and 8–14%, respectively. Four grain-size end members were identified with dominant modes of 7ϕ (EM1), 6ϕ (EM2), 4.5ϕ (EM3), and 3.3ϕ (EM4) corresponding to fine silt, medium silt, coarse silt, and fine sand, respectively. The high contributions of Al, Fe, Cr and Ni combined with the EM1 and EM2 in the upstream of the estuary indicated that the fine-grained sediments were derived from the fluvial inputs into the basin. The marine/tidal influenced lower estuary is characterised by high concentrations of Si, Ti, Ca, Sr and coarse fraction end member (EM3). The elemental concentration of Cu, Zn and Co along with EM4 shows higher values along the shore region suggesting human interventions in the basin. This integrated geochemical analysis and EMMA provide advancement in the knowledge of the transportation mechanisms and regional sediment dynamics from the estuarine system in Southern India.

Keywords

End-member modelling Grain size Estuary Geochemistry Southern India 

Notes

Acknowledgements

PKM and AA gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by DST-INSPIRE faculty programme. We thank Mr. Pranay Dewate from Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (Dehradun) for useful discussion.

Funding

The funding was provided by DST-INSIRE Faculty (Grand No. DST/INSPIRE/04/2015/002769) and DST-Inspire Faculty (DST/INSPIRE/04/2015/001199).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors confirm that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wadia Institute of Himalayan GeologyDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of Science Education and Research MohaliManauliIndia
  3. 3.Geological Survey of India, Marine and Coastal Survey DivisionVisakhapatnamIndia
  4. 4.Geological Survey of India, Marine and Coastal Survey DivisionCochinIndia

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